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Semiconductor device and a method therefor
A semiconductor device with dual gate electrodes and its method of formation is taught. A first metal/silicon gate stack and a first gate dielectric are formed...
Magnetoresistive random access memory device and method of fabrication
A method of fabricating a MRAM device with a taper comprising the steps of providing a substrate, forming a dielectric region with positioned on the substrate,...
Process of forming a semiconductor device and a semiconductor device
A process for forming a capacitor with a high-k dielectric or ferroelectric layer within a semiconductor device is used to reduce the likelihood of oxidation or...
Electrochemical detection of single base extension
This invention relates to apparatus and methods for detecting single base extension to an oligonucleotide array using electrochemical labels.
Lithographic template and method of formation and use
This invention relates to semiconductor devices, microelectronic devices, micro electro mechanical devices, microfluidic devices, and more particularly to a...
System and method for providing rotation to plating flow
A system for electroplating integrated circuit wafers includes an electroplating solution containment chamber having a first end that is capable of supporting an...
Yaw rate motion sensor
A yaw rate motion sensor (10) that includes a driving element (12) having a first axis for oscillating generally in the direction of the first axis upon...
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Data synchronizer using a parallel handshaking pipeline wherein validity
indicators generate and send...
A data synchronizer transfers information across an asynchronous interface by using system domain and core domain logic on either side of the asynchronous...
Command and control architecture for a video decoder and a host
A method and apparatus for using an interface and concomitant communication protocol to allow a host to control and communicate with a video decoder. More...
Method and apparatus for decimating an oversampled signal
Method and apparatus for determining the correct set of samples to retain in applying a decimation process. The present method provides an automatic approach to...
Method and apparatus to enable background scanning
A method is provided for background scanning in a selective call communication system (102) having a plurality of channels (110, 112, 114), wherein a selective...
Non-volatile magnetic register
A non-volatile, bistable magnetic tunnel junction (MTJ) register cell includes first and second magnetic tunnel junctions connected for differential operation....
Enhanced location methodology for a location system
A first device (100) transmits a first signal to a second device (300) at a first time. A third device (110) detects a second signal from the second device (300)...
Channel monitoring by a multichannel selective call receiver
A multichannel selective call receiver (10) includes-a receiver (11), a controller (16), a baud detector (17) and a memory (18). The controller is adapted to...
Magnetoelectronics element having a stressed over-layer configured for
alteration of the switching energy barrier
A magnetoelectronics element (40) is provided that is comprised of a first magnetic layer (42), a first tunnel barrier layer (44) on the first magnetic layer...
Printed circuit board arrangement
Methods and apparatus for forming a metal shield on a printed circuit board (10) include a layer of dielectric material (23) one or more printed circuits (21) on...
Transistor having a high K dielectric and short gate length and method
A transistor device (19) utilizes a high K dielectric (24) between a gate electrode (16) and a substrate (12). The high K dielectric (24) is etched under the...
Component and method for manufacture
A component (10) includes a substrate (15), a cap wafer (23), and a protection layer (28) formed over a surface of the cap wafer (23). Together, the protection...
Pad conditioner coupling and end effector for a chemical mechanical
planarization system and method therefor
A pad conditioner coupling (58) holds an end effector (57) for abrading a polishing media surface. Pad conditioning planarizes the polishing media surface,...
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Radio communication terminal for optimizing transmission of messages to
selective call transceivers and method...
A radio communication terminal operating under a frequency reuse plan for communicating to and from a SCT (116) located in any one of a plurality of ...
Information services provision in a telecommunications network
A radio telecommunications network for providing information services to a mobile subscriber (22) includes a distributed arrangement of Agent Transceiver Systems...
Method and apparatus for transparently multicasting identical data streams
originating from different or common...
A first data stream (26) requested by a first client (1) is received at a router (16). A second data stream (24) requested by a second client (2) is also...
MRAM without isolation devices
A magnetoresistive random access memory architecture free of isolation devices includes a plurality of data columns of non-volatile magnetoresistive elements. A...
Method and apparatus for optimizing dynamic range of a wideband
A direct down conversion receiver includes a signal filter having a selectable frequency response for receiving an input signal. The filtered signal is amplified...
Adaptive Reed-Solomon decoder and methods thereof
An adaptive Reed-Solomon(RS) decoder (207) and analogous methods arranged and constructed to decode a RS(n,k) encoded symbol stream, including; a code register...
Method and system for selective soldering process characterization
In a selective soldering machine (FIG. 1, 5), a calibration circuit board (FIG. 2, 100) makes contact with a solder wave (FIG. 1, 25). The calibration circuit...
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Method and apparatus for Viterbi decoding of punctured codes
Data for transmission may be convolutionally encoded and punctured prior to transmission. The invention relates to a method and apparatus for decoding such data....
Data processor architecture and instruction format for increased efficiency
A processor (12) uses an architecture having a plurality of redundant state machines (86, 90) and a new instruction format (30) to increase efficiency of the...
Communication device with operation mode selection according to its
position in relation to an independent...
In a communication device (100) with an earpiece (110) and a microphone (120), there is a sensor (130) relating a first connection line (105) from the earpiece...
Direct digital synthesizer based on delay line with sorted taps
A digital frequency synthesizer includes a clock which produces a clock signal oscillating at a fixed frequency and a delay line which receives the clock signal...
Method and apparatus for reduced reversed traffic in a cellular telephone
A code division multiple access (CDMA) cellular telephone with reduced transmissions from the CDMA cellular telephone to a remote base station. A variable rate...
Electronically tuned active antenna apparatus
An electrically active antenna apparatus comprising a substrate, a RF feed positioned on the substrate, a radiator element positioned on the substrate and...
Cable or module identification apparatus and method
This invention includes a universal base unit having a plurality of cables, each corresponding to a unique electronic host device. The cable is manufactured such...
Grooved channel schottky MOSFET
A grooved channel Schottky contacted MOSFET has asymmetric source and drain regions. The MOSFET includes an undoped silicon substrate with a background doping...
Semiconductor device and alignment method
A semiconductor wafer (101) includes a first semiconductor die (103) having a first alignment mark (165) disposed in an alignment region (163) to align the first...
Polymer thick-film resistor printed on planar circuit board surface
A method of manufacturing a printed circuit board with a polymer thick-film (PTF) resistor whose dimensions can be defined with improved precision by providing a...
Portable communication device
Apparatus and methods for controlling a cellular communications network
having airborne transceivers
A cellular communications network (200, FIG. 2) includes one or more aircraft (210), which provide communication channels to cellular communications units, and...
Communication device and a method for simultaneous transmission of speech
A communication device (100) including a receiver (110), a demodulator (120), a frequency dependent LF amplifier (130) as well as a frequency dependent decoder...
Apparatus and method for recovering a clock signal for use in a portable
A portable data carrier includes a radio frequency (RF) receiving circuit tuned to receive power signals on a carrier frequency, f.sub.c. The portable data...
Dynamic control of cellular radio communication system resources
A method of optimising the operation of a cellular radio communication system in which the demands made by users of the system are monitored and resources are...
Capacitive device and method of manufacture
A capacitive device includes a substrate (110), a first electrode (130, 140, 1220) located over the substrate and a second electrode (170, 1070, 1071, 1250)...
Vehicle accessory for a portable communication device
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Method for routing of nets in an electronic device
In laying out electonic devices on a substrate the routing of nets is important in minimizing conductor area and improving performance. A method for routing of...
Method and apparatus for interfacing a processor to a coprocessor
A processor (12) to coprocessor (14) interface supporting multiple coprocessors (14, 16) utilizes compiler generatable software type function call and return,...