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Magnetic element with an improved magnetoresistance ratio and fabricating
An improved and novel magnetic element and fabrication method. The magnetic element (10;30) including a bottom pinned ferromagnetic layer (12;32) and a top...
Method and device for providing symetrical monitoring of ESD testing an
A method and a device (4) for testing an integrated circuit (DUT) uses a stress signal and surface monitoring. A stress signal generator (5) is connected to the...
Vehicle, system and method for loading and unloading
A vehicle (10) for transporting a container (12) and for loading and unloading a load port (14) is disclosed. The vehicle (10) comprises a frame (16), a...
Method and apparatus for locating a device using a database containing
hybrid location data
A locating system includes a receiver for receiving a signal, having parameters, from a source. This locating system includes a database, which includes receiver...
Differentiation of error conditions in digital voice communication systems
An apparatus and method for indicating sources of high error conditions, including out-of-range and interference conditions, to a user of a digital voice...
Method and apparatus for remote multiple access to subscriber identity
An apparatus enabling multiple client devices to access a SIM card, coupled to a server device, along a local link, that includes a SIM card interface and a...
Radio communication device with a multi-mode user interface
A wireless communication device (10) is provided for maintaining acceptable acoustic coupling, increasing display and data input device capability and increasing...
Method and apparatus for classifying a baseband signal
A processor (1104) receives a baseband signal including a plurality of symbols, and determines (1002) a maximum modulation level and a minimum modulation level...
Multi-user detection using a finite-impulse-response matrix filter
A method for multi-user detection in a CDMA communication system using a finite-impulse-response matrix filter includes a first step of inputting a received...
Measurement of spatial signature information in CDMA wireless communication
A CDMA receiver for measuring spatial signal information corresponding to several user transmitters comprises a bank of coherent receivers coupled to an antenna...
Internal multi-band antennas for mobile communications
An internal multi-band antenna (10) for a mobile communication devices having a planar radiating element (12) and a ground plane conductor (14) disposed...
Portable data device efficiently utilizing its available power and method
A portable data device (400) having a power controller (430), a clock generator (428) and a digital circuit (432). The power controller (430) has an output...
Voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) in colpitts configuration
A voltage controlled oscillator (200) has a tank circuit (210) with a first varactor diode (201), a transistor (225), a serial arrangement of a capacitor (202)...
Method for making semiconductor device
A zirconium oxide gate dielectric is utilized to make a transistor for an integrated circuit. In forming the transistor which uses the zirconium oxide as the...
Multi-strand substrate for ball-grid array assemblies and method
A multi-strand printed circuit board substrate for ball-grid array (BGA) assemblies includes a printed wiring board (11) having a plurality of BGA substrates...
Electronic component and method of manufacturing
A method of manufacturing an electronic component includes forming first, second, and third capacitors (260, 270, 280) and electrically testing the first,...
Method of manufacturing a semiconductor component having a capacitor
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor component includes forming a first capacitor electrode (126) over a substrate (110), forming a capacitor dielectric...
Method of manufacturing a semiconductor wafer level package
A semiconductor wafer level package used to encapsulate a device fabricated on a semiconductor substrate wafer before dicing of the wafer into individual chips....
Fuel cell array apparatus and method of fabrication
A fuel cell array apparatus and method of forming the fuel cell array apparatus including a base portion, formed of a singular body, and having a major surface....
Method and apparatus for interleaving in a communication system
Interleaving within a communication system occurs by finding a minimum value (m) such that that N<=2.sup.n.times.(2.sup.m -1), wherein N is an interleave...
DEVICE AND METHOD FOR PATCHING CODE RESIDING ON A READ ONLY MEMORY MODULE
UTILIZING A RANDOM ACCESS MEMORY FOR...
A device and a method for patching code residing on a ROM module, the device comprising a patch detect logic and a patch translation logic, the method comprising...
Secure wireless electronic-commerce system with wireless network domain
A method of conducting transactions in a wireless electronic commerce system, where the system comprises a wireless network operator certification authority...
Low power pipelined multiply/accumulator with modified booth's recoder
A low power high speed multiply/accumulator (100) utilizes a modified Booth's recoder (120) to identify situations to power down the partial product array (130)....
Method of optimizing traffic content
A method of optimizing traffic content includes providing a traffic flow algorithm (220) coupled to receive a set of solicited navigation route data (210) and a...
System and method for billing in a radio telecommunications network
A system (FIG. 2) and method for billing in a radio telecommunications network, comprising: means (HLR) for storing billing class identifier information...
Messaging system with automatic proxy service
A communications system includes a stationary unit, a mobile unit, and a proxy server. The stationary unit is adapted to send and receive messages. The mobile...
Timing synchronization in a communication device
A method for performing timing synchronization between digital input data and a system clock in a communication device includes providing a system clock rate...
Circuit and method for generating chrominance lock
A digital video encoder (16) receives a reference clock signal (REF_CLK27) for determining both a short term and a long term phase correction factor. A pulse...
Integrated gallium arsenide communications systems
Composite semiconductor structures and methods are provided for communications systems, specifically, those utilizing RF signals. Antenna switches, and...
Spot-welded interconnection and method of welding electrical tabs
A spot-welded interconnection and method for welding a first conductive tab and second conductive tab together. Each tab is generally planar and the first tab...
Method of manufacturing a heterojunction BiCMOS integrated circuit
A method of manufacturing a heterojunction BiCMOS IC. (100) includes forming a gate electrode (121, 131), forming a protective layer (901, 902) over the gate...
Process for making a MIM capacitor
A process for forming a metal-insulator-metal (MIM) capacitor structure includes forming a recess in the dielectric layer (20) of a semiconductor substrate (10)....
Two step wire bond process
A two step wire bonding process is used to ultrasonically attach a wire (18) to a contact pad (13) on a semiconductor device (10). A first step is used to...
Heat transfer device with a self adjusting wick and method of manufacturing
A heat pipe and method that utilizes a multi-layered shape memory alloy (SMA) as the wick structure. Each layer has a different transformation temperature. The...
Chase iteration processing for decoding input data
System includes decoder. Decoder performs a portion of an intermediate Chase iteration, of a series of Chase iterations for decoding input data, to obtain a...
Distributed cellular telephone antenna system with adaptive cell
A distributed antenna system for use in an in-building cellular telephone network, the system including a base transmission station (BTS), and a distributed...
Method and apparatus for assisting a user to find a communication resource
of sufficient capacity
A wireless communication system measures (602) a traffic load of ones of a plurality of fixed communication stations (102, 202) and transmits (606) from at least...
Method for processing chat messages in a wireless chat device
A wireless communication system (10) includes a system controller (22), at least one radio frequency transmitter (26), at least one radio frequency receiver...
Wireless device, control system and methods for protected sites with
operation according to interference parameters
A wireless device (104) selectively opreates near protected sites (110) including equipment at least intermittently using an operating frequency. The wireless...
DC offset correction loop for radio receiver
A receiver direct current offset correction loop (DCOCL) circuit digitizes the baseband analog control voltage (148) using an Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC)...
Multichannel selective call receiver
A pager (20) for operating within the communication environment of a cyclical frame based synchronous selective call system. The pager (20) has a receiver (22)...
Method and apparatus for automatic deletion of a pop-up window
An electronic device (12) includes in one embodiment a display (14), at least one application (20) that generates a pop-up window (10) which is displayed on the...
Switch assembly and method of forming the same
A microelectromechanical system (MEMS) switch assembly (10) and a method of forming the MEMBS switch assembly (10) is provided that includes a switching member...
Differentiate and divide FM demodulator
An FM demodulator in accordance with the present invention receives a composite signal from an antenna and corresponding processing circuitry. The composite...
Output buffer having a pre-driver transition controller
An output buffer (100) has a pre-driver circuit (120) for controlling a voltage transition of an output signal from an output driver transistor (150). The...
Seal and method of sealing devices such as displays
A method of fabricating a high vacuum display with flat form factor, and the display, include an envelope with two major, parallel spaced apart glass sides and a...
Semiconductor device, a process for a semiconductor device, and a process
for making a masking database
At least one process-assist feature (210, 70, 706, 806, 506, 406, 608, 904, 1106, 108, 1206, 1208) at or near a via location of a wiring structure (75, 700, 800,...
Stress compensation composition and semiconductor component formed using
the stress compensation composition
A semiconductor component (10) having a photodefinable stress compensation layer (21) and composition for the stress compensation material. The photodefinable...
Tolerance and size adaptive spacer for spacing a battery cell
An apparatus for spacing a battery cell includes a cradle member having a top surface, that defines a first indentation, and an opposite bottom surface. The...
Key, lock, and key and lock system
A key (10) includes a transceiver core (12) that couples to antenna electrodes that include all or part of a key shank (11) and an electrically conductive...