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Communication device having linked microphone and antenna communication of
content to end users
A communication device (10) couples a microphone (12) to a modulator (22) that modulates a microphone signal via a transmission medium (14) having an antenna...
Apparatus and method for generating transmitter antenna weights
Antenna weights for a transmit path (3) between two communication devices (1, 2), the first device (1) having an antenna array (4, 5, 6) are generated in the...
Electric driver circuit and method
The invention regards an electric circuit (200; 300; 400; 500) comprising a first electronic control circuit (201; 301) controlling the operation of a first...
Semiconductor wafer front side pressure testing system and method therefor
An apparatus and method is disclosed for a semiconductor wafer front side pressure testing system (200, 300, 400). Negative or positive pressure is applied to...
Field emission device having a surface passivation layer
A field emission device (100, 200, 300, 400, 500) includes a substrate (110, 210, 310, 410, 510), a cathode (115, 215, 315, 415, 515) formed thereon, a plurality...
Layout for a ball grid array
A layout for a ball grid array (BGA) device (500) includes a set of solder ball pads (512) and a set of interconnection vias (510). Each one of said the set of...
Circuit method for reducing parasitic bipolar effects during electrostatic
A semiconductor device include a current source having a first node coupled to a first voltage reference node, and a second node for extracting a current in...
Methods and compositions for attachment of biomolecules to solid supports,
hydrogels, and hydrogel arrays
The present invention provides solid supports (e.g., glass) and polymer hydrogels (particularly polymer hydrogel arrays present on a solid support) comprising...
Method for forming a semiconductor device
In accordance with embodiments of the present invention a trench-level dielectric film (26) and a via-level dielectric film (24) are formed overlying a...
Method for forming a conductive plug between conductive layers of an
A method for forming void free tungsten plug contacts (56a-56c) begins by etching a contact opening (55a-55c) using a C.sub.2 F.sub.6 and CHF.sub.3 chemistry....
Fine pitch bumping with improved device standoff and bump volume
Embodiments of the present invention relate generally to solder bump formation and semiconductor device assemblies. One embodiment related to a method for...
Method and apparatus for non-speech activity reduction of a low bit rate
digital voice message
A technique is used in a speech encoder (107) that reduces non-speech activity of a low bit rate digital voice message. Speech model parameters that include...
Method and apparatus for facilitating reception of a signal on one of a
plurality of contiguous channels
In a zero intermediate frequency (ZIF) receiver (300) a desired signal is detected (902) and downmixed (924) to baseband, off-centered by an amount determined by...
Host-independent monolithic integrated circuit for RF downconversion and
digital signal processing of GPS signals
A global position system (GPS) receiver for a host product is controlled by a microcontroller that also controls other functions in the host product. The GPS...
Selective over-ranging in folding and averaging integrated circuits
A device and technique for selective over-ranging provides for the folding of signals in an input signal range such that the folded signals in the center of the...
RF assembly with ground-plane slot between components and method therefor
An RF assembly (20) operating at a predetermined wavelength of .lambda. and having a ground-plane interface (26) between first and second components (22, 24) is...
Demodulator circuit and method of tuning
A demodulator circuit (10) includes an oscillator (12) and an injection circuit (14). An Automatic Frequency Control (AFC) signal adjusts the tail current of a...
Method of preventing two neighboring contacts from a short-circuit caused
by a void between them and device...
Insulating layers between transistors that are very close together may have voids. When contacts are formed in these areas between these close transistors, the...
Method and apparatus for reflowing solder paste using a light source
A method and apparatus for coupling a microelectronic component (114) to a printed circuit board (112) are disclosed. The component (114) is coupled to the...
Method of manufacturing a semiconductor component and semiconductor
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor component and the component thereof includes forming a dielectric layer (620) over a portion of a passivation ledge...
Amorphous carbon layer for improved adhesion of photoresist and method of
An improved and novel semiconductor device including an amorphous carbon layer for improved adhesion of photoresist and method of fabrication. The device...
Low stress hard mask formation method during refractory radiation mask
A method of forming a hard mask for use in the formation of a refractory radiation mask including providing a membrane structure, forming a radiation absorbing...
Optical interconnect method and apparatus
An optical interconnect system (100) includes an array of optical sources (102), a high-density fiber bundle (110), and an array of optical receivers (150). The...
Thermoelectric power generator and method of generating thermoelectric
power in a steam power cycle utilizing...
A thermoelectric power generator and method of generating thermoelectric power in a steam power cycle utilizing latent steam heat including a condenser, a heat...
Method of analyzing a circuit having at least one structural loop within a
channel connected component
A method of analyzing a circuit having at least one structural loop within a channel connected component first requires that the circuit be at least partly...
Method and apparatus for suppressing acoustic background noise in a
communication system by equaliztion of...
A noise suppression system implemented in communication system provides an improved level of quality during severe signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions. The...
Apparatus and method for estimating the coil resistance in an electric
A controller (40) which estimates the coil resistance (R) of an electric motor (10), receives representations of a voltage (u(t)) across a stator coil (11) and...
Radio with synchronization apparatus and method therefore
A mobile radio (10) with a synchronization apparatus (14) executes a method (60) for time synchronizing the radio (10) and a base station (12). Base station (12)...
Method and apparatus for allowing a user of a display-based terminal to
communicate with communication units in...
A display-based terminal (101) employs a method and apparatus for allowing a user of the terminal to communicate with communication units (105-113) in a...
Signal acquistion method and apparatus
A method and apparatus for acquiring satellite signals and subscriber unit signals utilizes broadcast beams (205) and acquisition beams (215) projected from a...
Circuit and method of frequency synthesizer control with a serial
A remote wireless communication device (10) receives messages during windows occurring at predetermined intervals as determined by a communication protocol. The...
Variable rate spread spectrum communication method and apparatus
A communication system (100) provides selecting a first modulation-coding scheme (111) based on a quality indicator of a communication between a source user and...
Enhanced graphic user interface for mobile radiotelephones
A radiotelephone (200) has a display (208) that efficiently presents information such as lists and text fields. For each list, the display (208) presents a title...
Electronic device with miniature virtual image display
A portable electronic device with virtual image display including a semiconductor array providing a real image and an optical system mounted to receive the real...
Methods and circuits for dynamically adjusting a supply voltage and/or a
frequency of a clock signal in a...
A method and circuit (200, 300) for dynamically adjusting the supply voltage (Vdd) in a digital circuit (204, 404) determines the propagation delay (tpd) of a...
Anti-pinch power window system and method
A method (100) for closing a motor-driven window comprises the steps of determining (102) a window gap, and raising (104) the window at a speed dependent upon...
Method for fabricating a field emission display having a spacer with a
A method for fabricating a field emission display (100) includes the steps of providing a cathode plate (102), providing an anode plate (104), providing a spacer...
Method of fabricating an integrated circuit
A transistor (12) and method of making an integrated circuit (10) uses a chromium based sacrificial gate (22A) to align, dope and activate source and drain...
High density MRAM cell array
A method of fabricating an MRAM cell includes providing an isolation transistor on a semiconductor substrate and forming an interconnect stack on the substrate...
Method for characterization and quality control of porous media
The present invention provides a method to characterize, optimize, and control the quality and production of hydrogel media. Additionally, the present invention...
Method for fabricating a field emission device and method for the operation
A method for operating a field emission device (100) having an electron emitter (115) includes the steps of providing an emitter-enhancing electrode (117)...
Method and apparatus for performing distributed speech processing in a
The present invention addresses the need for an apparatus and method for facilitating and performing distributed speech processing in a wireless communication...
Dynamically configurable datagram message communication system
A wireless message communication system (11) delivers dynamically configurable datagram messages between a server (15) and subscriber units (17, 18, 19, 20, 21,...
Call routing method for a radiotelephone in multiple radiotelephone systems
A portable unit (101) may both place and receive calls in both the cordless (115) and cellular (103) telephone system. A portable unit (101), in combination with...
Omnidirectional ultrasonic communication system
An ultrasonic communication system includes an omnidirectional ultrasonic transducer including a housing having a closed side and an open side defining an...
Method for selecting virtual end nodes in an RF network
A method for virtual end nodes indicates in routing information (51) that the routing information is a "special access" to a virtual end node (60). An RF network...
Method and device for adaptive antenna combining weights
A receiving device and method for operating a communication system are provided. The receiving device receives a plurality of time-domain Doppler channel...
Dual input switched capacitor gain stage
A gain stage using switched capacitor architecture and suitable for a pipelined analog to digital converters provides for three pairs of switched capacitor banks...
Keypad with strokes assigned to key for ideographic text input
An apparatus for inputting ideographic characters such as Chinese and Japanese characters, comprising an input pad having at least three rows and three columns...
Reader for use in a radio frequency identification system and method
A contactless programmable electrostatic Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) reader that also serves as an Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) reader is...