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Low stress hard mask formation method during refractory radiation mask
A method of forming a hard mask for use in the formation of a refractory radiation mask including providing a membrane structure, forming a radiation absorbing...
Optical interconnect method and apparatus
An optical interconnect system (100) includes an array of optical sources (102), a high-density fiber bundle (110), and an array of optical receivers (150). The...
Thermoelectric power generator and method of generating thermoelectric
power in a steam power cycle utilizing...
A thermoelectric power generator and method of generating thermoelectric power in a steam power cycle utilizing latent steam heat including a condenser, a heat...
Method of analyzing a circuit having at least one structural loop within a
channel connected component
A method of analyzing a circuit having at least one structural loop within a channel connected component first requires that the circuit be at least partly...
Method and apparatus for suppressing acoustic background noise in a
communication system by equaliztion of...
A noise suppression system implemented in communication system provides an improved level of quality during severe signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) conditions. The...
Apparatus and method for estimating the coil resistance in an electric
A controller (40) which estimates the coil resistance (R) of an electric motor (10), receives representations of a voltage (u(t)) across a stator coil (11) and...
Radio with synchronization apparatus and method therefore
A mobile radio (10) with a synchronization apparatus (14) executes a method (60) for time synchronizing the radio (10) and a base station (12). Base station (12)...
Method and apparatus for allowing a user of a display-based terminal to
communicate with communication units in...
A display-based terminal (101) employs a method and apparatus for allowing a user of the terminal to communicate with communication units (105-113) in a...
Signal acquistion method and apparatus
A method and apparatus for acquiring satellite signals and subscriber unit signals utilizes broadcast beams (205) and acquisition beams (215) projected from a...
Circuit and method of frequency synthesizer control with a serial
A remote wireless communication device (10) receives messages during windows occurring at predetermined intervals as determined by a communication protocol. The...
Variable rate spread spectrum communication method and apparatus
A communication system (100) provides selecting a first modulation-coding scheme (111) based on a quality indicator of a communication between a source user and...
Enhanced graphic user interface for mobile radiotelephones
A radiotelephone (200) has a display (208) that efficiently presents information such as lists and text fields. For each list, the display (208) presents a title...
Electronic device with miniature virtual image display
A portable electronic device with virtual image display including a semiconductor array providing a real image and an optical system mounted to receive the real...
Methods and circuits for dynamically adjusting a supply voltage and/or a
frequency of a clock signal in a...
A method and circuit (200, 300) for dynamically adjusting the supply voltage (Vdd) in a digital circuit (204, 404) determines the propagation delay (tpd) of a...
Anti-pinch power window system and method
A method (100) for closing a motor-driven window comprises the steps of determining (102) a window gap, and raising (104) the window at a speed dependent upon...
Method for fabricating a field emission display having a spacer with a
A method for fabricating a field emission display (100) includes the steps of providing a cathode plate (102), providing an anode plate (104), providing a spacer...
Method of fabricating an integrated circuit
A transistor (12) and method of making an integrated circuit (10) uses a chromium based sacrificial gate (22A) to align, dope and activate source and drain...
High density MRAM cell array
A method of fabricating an MRAM cell includes providing an isolation transistor on a semiconductor substrate and forming an interconnect stack on the substrate...
Method for characterization and quality control of porous media
The present invention provides a method to characterize, optimize, and control the quality and production of hydrogel media. Additionally, the present invention...
Method for fabricating a field emission device and method for the operation
A method for operating a field emission device (100) having an electron emitter (115) includes the steps of providing an emitter-enhancing electrode (117)...
Method and apparatus for performing distributed speech processing in a
The present invention addresses the need for an apparatus and method for facilitating and performing distributed speech processing in a wireless communication...
Dynamically configurable datagram message communication system
A wireless message communication system (11) delivers dynamically configurable datagram messages between a server (15) and subscriber units (17, 18, 19, 20, 21,...
Call routing method for a radiotelephone in multiple radiotelephone systems
A portable unit (101) may both place and receive calls in both the cordless (115) and cellular (103) telephone system. A portable unit (101), in combination with...
Omnidirectional ultrasonic communication system
An ultrasonic communication system includes an omnidirectional ultrasonic transducer including a housing having a closed side and an open side defining an...
Method for selecting virtual end nodes in an RF network
A method for virtual end nodes indicates in routing information (51) that the routing information is a "special access" to a virtual end node (60). An RF network...
Method and device for adaptive antenna combining weights
A receiving device and method for operating a communication system are provided. The receiving device receives a plurality of time-domain Doppler channel...
Dual input switched capacitor gain stage
A gain stage using switched capacitor architecture and suitable for a pipelined analog to digital converters provides for three pairs of switched capacitor banks...
Keypad with strokes assigned to key for ideographic text input
An apparatus for inputting ideographic characters such as Chinese and Japanese characters, comprising an input pad having at least three rows and three columns...
Reader for use in a radio frequency identification system and method
A contactless programmable electrostatic Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) reader that also serves as an Electronic Article Surveillance (EAS) reader is...
Multi-part reactive device and method
A multi-part reactive device preferably includes a substrate with a first conductive area and a second conductive area. A first conductive element with a first...
Organic electroluminescent apparatus
Organic electroluminescent apparatus including an organic electroluminescent device for emitting blue-green light. A microcavity structure receives the...
A semiconductor device (40, 50, 70) is electrically connected to a circuit board (30) through use of one or more connectors (10, 20, 90). Connector (10) includes...
Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition (CVD) method to fill a trench in
a semiconductor substrate
In a CVD chamber (120) having a chuck (122) to hold a semiconductor substrate (100) and having a plasma generator (121) to generate a plasma (125), a trench in...
Method for processing a semiconductor substrate having a copper surface
disposed thereon and structure formed
A semiconductor wafer having copper bondpads (17) that are free of voids (13) and a method for coating the copper bondpads (17) with solderable or wirebondable...
Method for forming a semiconductor device with an opening in a dielectric
In accordance with one embodiment of the present invention, a method is disclosed for forming a semiconductor device having an isolation region (601). A...
Method for forming a semiconductor device
A conductive layer (14) and a dummy feature (16) are formed over a semiconductor substrate (10) doped with a first dopant type. A spacer (42) is then formed...
Method for fabricating MEMS variable capacitor with stabilized
A micro electro-mechanical systems device having variable capacitance is controllable over the full dynamic range and not subject to the "snap effect" common in...
Biochannel assay for hybridization with biomaterial
The invention relates to a microfluidic device with microchannels that have separated regions which have a member of a specific binding pair member such as DNA...
Method of manufacturing a semiconductor component and plating tool therefor
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor component includes depositing a first electrically conductive layer (675) over a substrate (270), forming a patterned...
Method and apparatus for coding and decoding data
A method and apparatus for encoding/decoding data, wherein for one embodiment, during [During] encoding, a microprocessor (201) calculates Y.sub.m by standard...
Method, device and article of manufacture for implementing a real-time task
The present invention provides a task scheduling accelerating method, device and article of manufacture for determining and controlling multi-tasking. The device...
Reducing audio gaps during a communication network handoff
A method of reducing an audio gap in a connection between communication hardware and a mobile unit during a handoff between a first cell and a second cell in a...
Method and apparatus in a wireless communication unit for controlling a
rate of background scanning
A processor (206) and a receiver (202) monitor (301) a channel. The processor determines (304, 306) an average received signal quality on the channel and a first...
Method and apparatus for establishing a communication link
A method generally establishes a communication link in a communication system when a cordless base station has been authenticated to communicate with...
Method for performing a countdown function during a mobile-originated
transfer for a packet radio system
The method for transmitting a communication signal comprising a plurality of units of information includes transmitting the plurality of units of information via...
Keypad arrangement for a watch radiotelephone
A watch radiotelephone (10) comprises a watch face (12) and a keypad (14). The watch face (12) indicates a time of day in an analog format. The analog format...
Minimum frequency shift telescoping antenna
A telescoping antenna (102) has a mast element (200) with first and second ends (204, 222), the first end (204) being mounted on a cellular telephone housing...
Securement for transformer core utilized in a transformer power supply
module and method to assemble same
An apparatus and method for releasable securement together of a transformer power supply assembly together which includes a stacked arrangement (20) of a first...
Combline filter and method of use thereof
A radio frequency mechanical filter (10) of the resonant type employs a plurality of parallel spaced-apart resonators (40) disposed within a housing (16)...
High efficiency LED driver
A high efficiency light emitting diode (LED) driving circuit includes a first LED coupled in a forward current path between first and second nodes and a second...