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Memory controller and method for generating commands to a memory
A memory controller (42) controls accesses to a command-based memory device (43) such as a synchronous DRAM. The memory controller (42) uses an address...
Method of evaluating an utterance in a speech recognition system
The present invention provides a method of calculating, within the framework of a speaker dependent system, a standard filler, or garbage model, for the...
Apparatus with failure recovery and method therefore
A radio (20) having a power supply (24); a power reservoir (25); a plurality of processors (22, 36), having inner registers which store a first flag indicating...
Method of automatically selecting talk-around mode or repeater mode
depending on repeater availability
A subscriber unit automatically selects repeater access mode, if a repeater is available, or talk-around mode, if a repeater is not available (500). The...
Geosynchronous satellite communication system and method
A geosynchronous satellite system (10) uses crosslinks (30) between geosynchronous satellites (16) which travel along the same ground path (18) or are located...
Handwritten character recognition using multi-resolution models
A storage medium (72) having stored thereon a set of instructions, which when loaded into a microprocessor (74), causes the microprocessor (74) to extract...
Method and system for aiding in the location of a subscriber unit in a
spread spectrum communication system
A mobile subscriber unit (MS) location method and system in a spread spectrum channel coding system uses a known spread spectrum location beacon channel (34)...
Method and selector for performing selection in a communication system
Frames received by base stations (base stations) (103-107) are assigned a frame-quality indicator (FQI) by the base station. FQI information for all frames...
In-circuit memory array bit cell threshold voltage distribution measurement
An apparatus and method for operating a non-volatile memory including an array of bit cells. A selection is made between an operational power supply and a test...
Method and apparatus for a limited scan phased array of oversized elements
Mutual coupling between radiative elements (210, FIG. 2) in a phased array antenna (110, FIG. 1) is employed to extend the effective aperture dimension of a...
Digital to analog converter using magnetoresistive memory technology
A digital to analog converter using a memory array of multi-state magnetoresistive memory elements in which a number of the memory elements are programmed in...
Method and apparatus for settling and maintaining a DC offset
A DC offset correction loop (200) utilizes a sign bit generator (204), binary search stage (206), and a digital-to-analog converter (208) in its feedback path to...
Latching mechanism for removable cell battery pack
A latching mechanism is provided. The latching mechanism includes a first member (2) having a first catch (4) and lateral catches (6), and a second member (1)...
Field emission display having an offset phosphor and method for the
A field emission display (100, 200, 300) includes a plurality of offset phosphors (126) and a cathode plate (110). Cathode plate (110) has a plurality of...
Semiconductor structure and method of manufacture
A semiconductor structure (10) having device isolation structures (43, 44) and shielding structures (39, 40). The shielding structures (39, 40) are formed in a...
Method and machine for underfilling an assembly to form a semiconductor
A method and machine (1) for underfilling an assembly (8) to form semiconductor package is disclosed. The machine (1) has conveying tracks (2) for continuously...
Method for forming a thick-film resistor
A process for forming a resistor whose dimensions can be accurately determined by a photoimaging process, thereby yielding a resistor whose size and resistance...
Method for fabricating a semiconductor structure having a crystalline
alkaline earth metal oxide interface with...
A method for fabricating a semiconductor structure comprises the steps of providing a silicon substrate (10) having a surface (12); forming on the surface of the...
Assembly with dual purpose connector
An assembly (24) includes a front housing (26), a back housing (28), an electrical component (30) having a plurality of component conductive pads (60), a...
Secure wireless electronic-commerce system with digital product
certificates and digital license certificates
A wireless electronic commerce system (10) comprising a wireless gateway (18) to a wireless network (19) with which a wireless device (11) having a unique client...
Using vocoded parameters in a staggered average to provide speakerphone
operation based on enhanced speech...
A portable communication device (104), such as a cellular telephone, is operable in a speakerphone mode. The communication device uses a digital communication...
Method and apparatus for providing a subscriber record for packet data
registration of a mobile station
A communications system for providing packet data service to mobile stations (110) performs registration of the mobile station prior to engaging in packet data...
Communications operating system and method therefor
A communications operating system is provided herein. The communications operating system having a common communication system comprising a radio frequency...
Down-sampling MPEG image decoder
A method and apparatus for decoding, e.g., an MPEG-like video information stream comprising quantized discrete cosine transform (DCT) coefficients representing...
Data transmission terminal and contactless data/power delivery method for
A data transmission system (200) includes a data transmission terminal (201) and a portable data device (203) that is remotely powered by the terminal. A method...
Gradient index magnifying lens
An optical display system for magnifying the image of a liquid crystal display cell (314) used in a portable electronic device (310) such as a cellular phone or...
Minimizing recovery time
A circuit (70) includes a reset stage (72) and a Phase-Locked Loop (PLL) device (73). The PLL device (73) includes a phase detector (74), a charge pump (75), a...
Apparatus and method for generating accurate quadrature over a frequency
The invention produces an accurate quadrature relationship for a range of frequencies using passive components in the primary quadrature splitting circuits. A...
Method and apparatus for providing a low voltage level shift
A wideband level shift circuit (200) used with low voltage ECL or CML topologies. includes a sub-Vbe voltage reference (201) whose output voltage is offset some...
Field emission device having a spacer with an abraded surface
A field emission display (100) includes a cathode plate (110) having a plurality of electron emitters (119), an anode plate (120) having a plurality of phosphors...
Protection circuit and method for protecting a semiconductor device
An electrostatic discharge (ESD) protection circuit (20) includes an active load circuit (22) connected to a Laterally Diffused Metal Oxide Semiconductor (LDMOS)...
Method of making a semiconductor image sensor
An image sensor (10) has an image sensing element that includes an N-type conducting region (26) and a P-type pinned layer (37). The two regions form two P-N...
Method for automating manufacture of photomask
A computer system (10) and method for automating manufacture of a photomask. The computer system (10) has a product database (21) that stores information used to...
Method of forming mask with angled struts of reduced height
A method of forming a semiconductor device by obtaining a substrate, with a first surface and a second surface, where the substrate has a first material and a...
Snap fastener and interlocking tab
Two parts (120, 160) can be mated and secured from relative movement in three different orthogonal directions or planes by the use of a novel, two piece, plastic...
Method for assigning communication resources in a communication system
A method for assigning communication resources includes assigning communication resources (216, 218, 220) in the nature of bandwidth according to various...
Method and apparatus for generating and verifying encrypted data packets
A system for encrypting and verifying a data packet includes an encryptor (20), a decryptor (30), an error detector (40), and switch (65). A data packet with...
Method and apparatus for constructing a device management information base
in a network management station
In a data communication network a network management station (NMS) (102) constructs a device Management Information Base (MIB) for interfacing with a device...
Method and apparatus for attitude determination in a multi-nodal system
A method and apparatus determines attitude of a satellite (52) or other communications device traveling in a determinable path. The method comprises determining...
Two-way communication system for performing dynamic channel control
A two-way communication system is used for performing dynamic channel control. The two-way communication system comprises a base transceiver (102) and a...
Communication device providing out-of-range battery saving and method
A communication device (100) provides an out-of-range battery saving function (700) for a receiver (104) which receives messages transmitted from at least one...
High assurance encryption system and method
A processor (22) of an encryption system (20) receives plain text (24) and operates an encryption algorithm to convert the plain text (24) to cipher text (26). A...
Receiver implemented decoding method of selectively processing channel
state metrics to minimize power...
A receiver implemented decoding of selectively processing channel state metrics to minimize power consumption and reduce computational complexity. The method...
Binary random number generator
A random number generator includes a sample clock having a sample clock rate, a chaotic oscillator having a characteristic upper frequency, and an output...
Radio frequency identification tag exciter/reader
A radio frequency identification tag exciter/reader (10) is arranged for operation in association with an article transport device (100). The radio frequency...
Semiconductor device having a titanium-aluminum compound
The present invention includes a process for forming an intermetallic layer and a device formed by the process. The process includes a reaction step where a...
Method for forming a semiconductor device
An interconnect (60) is formed overlying a substrate (10). In one embodiment, an adhesion/barrier layer (81), a copper-alloy seed layer (42), and a copper film...
Multi-layer registration control for photolithography processes
A multi-level registration control system for a photolithography process includes a photolithography device that prints first, second and third layers on a...