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Current conveyor and method for readout of MTJ memories
A current conveyor for readout of a magnetic tunneling junction memory cell is coupled to a data readout line connected to at least one MTJ memory cell. The...
Magnetic element with improved field response and fabricating method
An improved and novel device and fabrication method for a magnetic element, and more particularly a magnetic element (10) including a first electrode (14), a...
Data entry apparatus having a limited number of character keys and method
A data entry apparatus (10) receives a first character key from a keypad (12). A set of characters associated with the first character key is displayed. A second...
Method and apparatus for dynamically grouping communication units in a
A display-based terminal (101) employs a method and apparatus for dynamically grouping communication units (105-113) operating in a communication system (100)....
Digital to analog convertor having a DC offset cancelling device and a
A device and a method for canceling DC offset resulting from digital to analog conversion, wherein the device is coupled to a digital to analog comparator...
Field emission device having dielectric focusing layers
A field emission device (110, 210, 310, 410) includes an electron emitter (124), a first dielectric focusing layer (122) defining a first aperture (127), and a...
Method and circuit for maintaining charge in a backup battery
A method eliminates the discharge of the backup battery (42) prior to the primary source of power initially being applied to the device. The method comprises...
Heterostructure interband tunneling diode
A heterostructure interband tunneling diode includes a contact layer comprising indium gallium arsenide of a first conductivity type, an injection layer...
Processing for polishing dissimilar conductive layers in a semiconductor
A process of polishing two dissimilar conductive materials deposited on semiconductor device substrate optimizes the polishing of each of the conductive material...
Bio-molecule analyzer with photosensitive material and fabrication
A bio-molecule analyzer includes an array of addressable light sources, a photoconductive layer of material having a layer of electrically conductive material on...
Transistor-based molecular detection apparatus and method
Adjacent first and second transistors are integrated with a substrate. Each of the first and second transistors has a gate electrode, a source electrode, a drain...
Apparatus including a heat-dissipating apparatus, and method for forming
The present invention provides an apparatus (200) that includes a heat-generating component (202) and a heat-dissipating apparatus (120). The heat-generating...
Wireless communication device
Portable communication device
Computer system having a single pointer branch instruction and method
A computer system and method are described having a single pointer for a branch target instruction and multiple pointers and instruction parts for non-branch...
Data processing system for processing vector data and method therefor
A data processing system includes a data processor (10) coupled to a memory system having a first memory, such as an L1 data cache (16), arranged with a second...
Cable communication system and method for management
A cable communication system (100) where a control unit (110) sends operation parameters to subscriber units (130) and the subscriber units (130) respond by...
SIMD data processing extended precision arithmetic operand format
Two related extended precision operand formats provide for efficient multiply/accumulate operations in a SIMD data processing system. Each format utilizes a...
Method and apparatus for selecting a wireless communication site
A communication device (104) is provided which incorporates a hovel method for selecting a preferred communication site from available communication sites (110,...
Method combining entries from multiple neighbor cell lists to obtain an
updated list for a subscriber device
A subscriber unit (405) operating within a radio communication system (600) supplements neighbor list information received from a cell site (428), when that cell...
Method and apparatus for receiving a radio frequency signal using a
plurality of antennas
An antenna array portion of a communication device receives a desired signal and an interfering signal. The unweighted desired and interfering signals from a...
Device and method for detecting PCM upstream digital impairments in a
A device and method for detecting digital impairments affecting an upstream pulse code modulation (PCM) channel in a digital communication network, involves;...
Method and apparatus for combining a Trellis coding scheme with a
pre-coding scheme for data signals
A system (180) receives input bits from a user. From the input bits, an equivalence class is defined which has at least one constellation point. One of the...
Method and apparatus for mitigating interference in a communication system
A communication system (100) that includes a base unit (101) and a subscriber unit (e.g., 103) employs a method (400) and apparatus (101) for mitigating...
Visual display device
A visual display device (10) coupled to a processor (22), a memory (16, 18) and a counter (14) produces procession of displayed alphanumeric characters until a...
Method and assembly for providing improved underchip encapsulation
A microelectronic assembly (10) includes a printed circuit board (12) that includes a substrate (14) having a die attach region (22) and a plurality of first...
Electronic component assembly and method of making the same
An electronic component assembly (10) is formed by mounting an electronic component (15) to the leads (12) of a leadframe (18). The portions of the leadframe...
Microelectronic assembly with connection to a buried electrical element,
and method for forming same
A microelectronic assembly (10), such as a smart card, is formed by attaching a component subassembly (34) to a substrate (12). The substrate (12) includes a...
Method, system, apparatus, and phone for error control of golay encoded
The present invention provides a method (400), error control system (200), phone (209) and error control apparatus (208) including a hexacode-based Golay decoder...
Circuit and method for decompressing compressed elliptic curve points
An elliptic curve (EC) processor circuit (120) comprising a finite field arithmetic logic unit (122), operation registers (124) an EC control unit (123) and a...
System and method for communicating a perceptually encoded speech spectrum
System efficiently communicates a perceptually encoded speech spectrum signal from a transmitter to a receiver. The transmitter includes a speech analyzer which...
Method and apparatus for controlling radio link capacity in a communication
A method and apparatus is provided that includes equipment for controlling radio link capacity of each of the plurality of compatible radio transmission...
Method for prioritizing a communication in a wireless communication system
A wireless communication system receives (402) a communication specifying a portable subscriber unit (122) for which the communication is intended, and further...
Satellite communications systems using satellites in a zero-drift
A zero-drift constellation (200 FIG. 2) is used to simplify the tracking and hand-off requirements of terrestrial-based user terminals (110 FIG. 1). Each...
Estimation of frequency offsets in OFDM communication systems
Apparatus for estimating carrier and clock frequency offsets in OFDM systems employs a maximun likelihood estimator operation on the demodulated signals. The...
Method and apparatus for adaptively classifying a multi-level signal
A radio receiver circuit (200) is used for receiving a multi-level signal (201) that includes a plurality of symbols, wherein each level is representative of a...
Device and method for precoding data signals for PCM transmission
A device and method for preceding data signals for pulse code modulation (PCM) transmission includes a transmitter for transmitting a sequence of analog levels...
Data transmission system and method
A data transmission system identifies the length of communicated messages and adjusts interleave depth in response to the length of the communicated message. The...
Method for retransmitting a data packet in a packet network
The present invention provides a method for retransmitting a data packet in a packet network. Compressed data packets are sent from a first network entity to a...
Systems and method for use in a dual mode satellite communications system
A communications network is capable of using time division multiple access (TDMA) techniques, code division multiple access (CDMA) techniques, or a combination...
Double pole limit switch having an actuator as a pole
A double pole limit switch (340) includes an insulator (410), a conductive spring element (420), and a conductive element (430). The conductive spring element is...
Method and apparatus for providing a predictable upper bound for a channel
search time of a portable subscriber...
A portable subscriber unit (PSU) (222) operating in a plurality of messaging systems selects (605) a first messaging system to monitor for messages. The PSU then...
Differential circuit with reverse isolation
A differential circuit (200) provides for reverse isolation between input and output ports (202, 204). The differential circuit has amplification circuitry that...
Sample and hold circuit and method therefor
A sample and hold circuit (200) accepts an input (202). During a first half of the clock (204) (either an active high portion or an active low portion) the...
Interconnect structure in a semiconductor device and method of formation
In one embodiment, a conductive interconnect (38) is formed in a semiconductor device by depositing a dielectric layer (28) on a semiconductor substrate (10)....
Impedance matching for a dual band power amplifier
An exciter matching circuit (125), interstage matching circuit (134), and harmonic filter matching circuit (140) match impedances at the input to a two-stage...
Method for determining hand-off candidates in a neighbor set in a CDMA
A CDMA communication system (400) includes a plurality of base stations (410, 420 and 430) transmitting at least a corresponding plurality of pilot signals. A...
Radio communication device
A radio communication device (10) has a controller (11), an antenna mount (12), a reference voltage source (13), a voltage bias supply (14), transceiver...
Microstrip antenna and method of forming same
A microstrip antenna (300) includes a substrate (302) having an inner ground plane layer (322) around which a radiator element is folded so as to form first and...
Method and apparatus for increased system capacity using antenna
In a satellite communications system (100), system capacity is improved using a satellite (110 and 120) that includes a main mission antenna (MMA) (310 FIG. 3),...