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Printed circuit board with a multilayer integral thin-film metal resistor
and method therefor
A thin-film metal resistor (44) suitable for a multilayer printed circuit board (12), and a method for its fabrication. The resistor (44) generally has a...
Dual band VCO with improved phase noise
A dual band VCO selects between the oscillator output frequencies by switching the resonant circuit elements in the active circuit. For each output frequency...
Low-profile microelectronic package
A microelectronic package (10) is formed by placing a lead frame (22) onto an adhesive polyimide tape (38). The lead frame (22) includes a plurality of metallic...
Process for fabricating electronic devices having a thermally conductive
A process for fabricating an electronic module (30) and a packaged electronic device (56) having a thermally conductive substrate includes the step of thermally...
Organic electroluminescent device with improved reliability
An organic EL device includes a cathode, an organic electroluminescent layer and an anode, laminated in sequence. The organic layer is composed of a continuous...
Apparatus and method for optimizing performance of a cache memory in a data
A most recently used bit (25) is used to determine if a data transfer should occur from a fill buffer (20) into a data memory (32) in a cache (15). If the data...
Multiresolutional classifier with training system and method
An improved method and system for training and classifying using a low complexity and high accuracy multiresolutional polynomial classifier (412) is presented. A...
Devices for transmitter path weights and methods therefor
A receiving communication device (101) receives a reference signal transmitted through at least one of the antennas (106, 110, 112) of an antenna array of a...
An improved wrist-carried radiotelephone includes a first housing including a microphone, a display and a radio transceiver. A second housing includes a latch, a...
Method for extending the cell radius between a mobile station and a base
The present invention provides a method for extending the cell radius between a mobile station (101) and a base station (103). A propagation delay is determined...
Method for determining handover in a multicellular communications system
A method for determining a handover for a mobile station (1) in a multicellular communication system having a serving cell (3), a plurality of neighboring cells...
Advanced subscriber outage notification methods
Advanced subscriber outage notification methods (100) notify a user of a subscriber unit (30) that its call is going to be dropped. The subscriber unit (30), the...
Carrier squelch processing system and apparatus
Carrier squelch decisions are made by performing the steps of receiving an input signal (D), free of DC offset, having desired and undesired signal components,...
Wavelet image coder using trellis-coded quantization
A system (8) for digital processing of optical image data includes a wavelet decomposition unit (12) for decomposing an input image (10) into a plurality of...
Electronic circuit and method for automatic frequency control
An automatic frequency control circuit (84) and a method for automatic frequency control in a digital receiver includes a CORDIC vector rotation processor (88),...
Method and apparatus for producing channel estimate of a communication
channel in a CDMA communication system
A method and apparatus in WCDMA communication system includes extracting pilot symbols (462-5) of (2-M) plurality of communication channels of (1-M) plurality of...
Method for changing communication in a communication system, and
communication system therefor
The present invention provides a method for changing communication in a communication system (100). The communication system (100) includes a base station...
Method and apparatus for performing flow control in a wireless
A data communications system includes a server router (102), such as an access controller gateway, operably coupled to at least one client router (104), such as...
An integrated circuit (IC) magnetic random access memory (MRAM) content addressable memory (CAM) system has a CAM cell which includes a first data bit, a second...
Method and apparatus for locating a remote unit within a communication
Determining a timing offset for remote-unit (113) location is accomplished by comparing a known sequence (203) to the information (201) transmitted by the remote...
Coupling circuit to reduce intermodulation distortion in radiofrequency
A coupling circuit (22) for a radiofrequency (RF) receiver (10) has an attenuator (38) and a resonator (40). Three resistors (42,44,46) of attenuator (38)...
A method (10) for coating a substrate including at least an elastomer substrate portion with a conductive coating is described. The method includes steps of (i)...
Coupling noise reduction technique using reset timing
False transitions resulting from capacitive coupling between parallel interconnects driven by dynamic circuits are reduced by classifying interconnects based on...
Method communication system and phone for systematic encoding and
computationally efficient decoding for...
The present invention provides a method (600), phone (209), and communication system (202) including a systematic encoder (204) adapted to receive input data...
Multi-master bus system performing atomic transactions and method of
A multi-master bus system (10) comprises bus (12), a plurality of bus devices (14, 16, 18, 20, 22, 24), coupled to the bus, including masters (14, 16, 18), and...
Method for protecting a network from data packet overload
An internal network (16) is protected from being overloaded by an excessive number of data packets that originate from a source in an external network (10). In a...
Method and apparatus for estimating the fundamental frequency of a signal
A method and apparatus for improved pitch period (.tau.) estimation in a compression system is disclosed. The system uses original estimates of integer lag...
Method for improving communication coverage in multi-cell communication
The present invention provides a method for improving the communication coverage in a multi-cell communication system (100) which employs neighbor cell lists. A...
Belt clip and device using the same
The housing (12) for a portable device (10) has a cavity (40) which engages a boss (28) on a U-shaped clip (22) to prevent a relative rotation between the...
Method of providing group call services in a CDMA communications system
The present invention encompasses a base station and method of providing communication services to a plurality of communication units. The method includes the...
Method and apparatus for reducing phase noise in a voltage controlled
A phase noise optimization circuit (208) minimizes phase noise for a voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) (202). Control circuitry (214) locates a minimum phase...
Inert plasma gas surface cleaning process performed insitu with physical
vapor deposition (PVD) of a layer of...
A method for insitu performing a cleaning operation along with a physical sputtering operation begins by placing a wafer (26) into a chamber (12). A plasma (30)...
Method for etching a dielectric layer over a semiconductor substrate
A wet etch bath (61) holds a wet etchant (52) for etching a dielectric over a semiconductor substrate. The wet etch bath (61) has a tub (63) separated from a...
Multi-way cache apparatus and method
Apparatus having a multi-way cache (18), the apparatus including a first user controllable element (102, 104, or 106) having a predetermined first attribute...
System and method for establishing a communication link using user-specific
voice data parameters as a user...
A system and method for establishing a communication link, wherein the system includes a communications unit (60, FIG. 3) having a vocoder (62) for providing...
Method and apparatus for digital signal compression without decoding
A method (100) of compressing a digital signal that is parametrically modeled and encoded includes the steps of storing (102) the digital signal in a memory in a...
Communication device and method for determining a busy status thereof in a
A communication device (e.g., 103) includes a user interface (209), a receiver (203), a controller (205), and a transmitter (201). A user of the communication...
Voice call group function for a satellite based air traffic control system
Voice call group functionality is provided in a satellite based air traffic control system to allow air traffic controllers and pilots of one or more aircraft to...
Method and apparatus for performing a time synchronization of a base site
An unsynchronized base site (104) transmits a time synchronization request to a communication unit (110). A time synchronization error, or a timing offset, for...
Apparatus and method for enabling elements of a phase locked loop
An apparatus and method enables elements of a phase locked loop (PLL) (300). The PLL 300 includes a plurality of elements (202, 203, 204, 205). Each element...
Method and apparatus for mitigating the effects of a communications channel
using polarized signals
A method and apparatus for rapidly characterizing a communications channel is used to mitigate the effects of the communications channel as present in a received...
Printed circuit board having integral waveguide
A printed circuit board comprises a metallic layer (12) cooperating with a metallic plate (26) to form a generally polygonal cross-section (48) of an integral...
Method and system for broadcasting digital audio to a radio
An audio input interface (122) receives a digital audio signal and identifies an audio bitstream which is optionally decrypted by a decryption unit (123), and...
Method and system for generating a power control metric in an orthogonal
transmit diversity communication system
In a wireless communications system having a transmitter that transmits a transmit diversity signal using multiple antennas, a channel quality metric is computed...
Semiconductor laser having electro-static discharge protection
A vertical cavity surface emitting laser (103) and a diode (105) is provided. The diode (105) is electrically coupled in reverse parallel to the vertical cavity...
Method and apparatus for providing global communications interoperability
An information transfer system (ITS) (10) is capable of providing interoperability among a large number of external communications systems that each use...
Circuit and method for enabling semiconductor device burn-in
An integrated circuit device includes low voltage internal circuitry and a first external pin which receives a first information signal. The first information...
Method for driving a flat panel display
A method for driving a field emission display (10) includes the steps of dividing a digital video word (14), which has n-bits, into N digital sub-words (16, 17),...
Extendable/stowable antenna apparatus includes a molded elongated antenna stem with fixed and free ends. The stem is molded with an outer bearing surface,...
Low cost beam steering planar array antenna
A planar array antenna for use with an earth-based subscriber unit generates receive or transmit communications beams through the use of digital beamforming...