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Inert plasma gas surface cleaning process performed insitu with physical
vapor deposition (PVD) of a layer of...
A method for insitu performing a cleaning operation along with a physical sputtering operation begins by placing a wafer (26) into a chamber (12). A plasma (30)...
Method for etching a dielectric layer over a semiconductor substrate
A wet etch bath (61) holds a wet etchant (52) for etching a dielectric over a semiconductor substrate. The wet etch bath (61) has a tub (63) separated from a...
Multi-way cache apparatus and method
Apparatus having a multi-way cache (18), the apparatus including a first user controllable element (102, 104, or 106) having a predetermined first attribute...
System and method for establishing a communication link using user-specific
voice data parameters as a user...
A system and method for establishing a communication link, wherein the system includes a communications unit (60, FIG. 3) having a vocoder (62) for providing...
Method and apparatus for digital signal compression without decoding
A method (100) of compressing a digital signal that is parametrically modeled and encoded includes the steps of storing (102) the digital signal in a memory in a...
Communication device and method for determining a busy status thereof in a
A communication device (e.g., 103) includes a user interface (209), a receiver (203), a controller (205), and a transmitter (201). A user of the communication...
Voice call group function for a satellite based air traffic control system
Voice call group functionality is provided in a satellite based air traffic control system to allow air traffic controllers and pilots of one or more aircraft to...
Method and apparatus for performing a time synchronization of a base site
An unsynchronized base site (104) transmits a time synchronization request to a communication unit (110). A time synchronization error, or a timing offset, for...
Apparatus and method for enabling elements of a phase locked loop
An apparatus and method enables elements of a phase locked loop (PLL) (300). The PLL 300 includes a plurality of elements (202, 203, 204, 205). Each element...
Method and apparatus for mitigating the effects of a communications channel
using polarized signals
A method and apparatus for rapidly characterizing a communications channel is used to mitigate the effects of the communications channel as present in a received...
Printed circuit board having integral waveguide
A printed circuit board comprises a metallic layer (12) cooperating with a metallic plate (26) to form a generally polygonal cross-section (48) of an integral...
Method and system for broadcasting digital audio to a radio
An audio input interface (122) receives a digital audio signal and identifies an audio bitstream which is optionally decrypted by a decryption unit (123), and...
Method and system for generating a power control metric in an orthogonal
transmit diversity communication system
In a wireless communications system having a transmitter that transmits a transmit diversity signal using multiple antennas, a channel quality metric is computed...
Semiconductor laser having electro-static discharge protection
A vertical cavity surface emitting laser (103) and a diode (105) is provided. The diode (105) is electrically coupled in reverse parallel to the vertical cavity...
Method and apparatus for providing global communications interoperability
An information transfer system (ITS) (10) is capable of providing interoperability among a large number of external communications systems that each use...
Circuit and method for enabling semiconductor device burn-in
An integrated circuit device includes low voltage internal circuitry and a first external pin which receives a first information signal. The first information...
Method for driving a flat panel display
A method for driving a field emission display (10) includes the steps of dividing a digital video word (14), which has n-bits, into N digital sub-words (16, 17),...
Extendable/stowable antenna apparatus includes a molded elongated antenna stem with fixed and free ends. The stem is molded with an outer bearing surface,...
Low cost beam steering planar array antenna
A planar array antenna for use with an earth-based subscriber unit generates receive or transmit communications beams through the use of digital beamforming...
An amplifier circuit (20) uses a series transistor (38) to couple the output of an amplifier (26) to a tuned circuit load (40) and to act as a variable...
Contactless battery charger with wireless control link
In a contactless charging system charging energy is transferred across an inductive coupler to charge a battery (21) of a portable device, such as a two-way...
Process for forming a semiconductor device having an interconnect or
conductive film electrically insulated...
A semiconductor device includes a memory array of static-random-access memory cells. The SRAM cells are formed using a process flow more closely associated with...
Process for forming a high-K gate dielectric
A method of processing a high K gate dielectric includes growing a high quality silicon dioxide layer at the silicon interface followed by deposition of a metal...
Low resistance MTJ
A low resistance magnetic tunnel junction with low resistance barrier layer and method of fabrication is disclosed. A first magnetic layer of material with a...
Computer system with interface and method
An interface (101) in a computer system has an port (150) which is coupled to a memory via a first bi-directional data path (104) and coupled to a peripheral...
Circuit and method of modulo multiplication
A co-processor (44) executes a mathematical algorithm that computes modular exponentiation equations for encrypting or decrypting data. A pipelined multiplier...
Context dependent phoneme networks for encoding speech information
A method and apparatus for generating a context dependent phoneme network as an intermediate step of encoding speech information. The context dependent phoneme...
Method of extracting features in a voice recognition system
A method of extracting features for a voice recognition system of a wireless communication device. The wireless communication device includes a transmitter and a...
Method, device and system for part-of-speech disambiguation
A method (300), device (408), and system (400) provide part-of-speech disambiguation for words based on hybrid neural-network and stochastic processing. The...
Communication device with selective message transfer to earpiece
A communication system (120, 125) worn by a user (110) includes a base device (120) and an earpiece (125), which are spatially separated but coupled by a...
Method for subscriber based management of neighbor list information during
a communication session
A subscriber (410) to a radio communication system manages information needed to monitor for potential server sites during an ongoing communication session. Upon...
Method for switching cell site controllers
A radio frequency communication system includes a cell site (FIG. 1), the cell site including an on-line controller (100), an off-line controller (101) and one...
Retiming method and means
Retiming means for retiming an incoming data stream 2 comprising clock generation means 22 for producing a plurality of clock signals 23 having the same...
Device and method for detecting PCM upstream digital impairments in a
A device and method for detecting digital impairments affecting an upstream pulse code modulation (PCM) channel in a digital communication network, involves:...
Multiple waveform software radio
A radio is disclosed in which different waveforms may be utilized. The radio includes a memory (801) in which software (802, 805, 806) for specific waveforms is...
Method and apparatus for group calls in a wireless CDMA communication
A controller (120), in response to receiving a request for a group call (201) targeting a group (101), allocates at least one power adjustment channel to the...
Air interface statistical multiplexing in communication systems
Methods (600, 700), an access controller (350), and a communication system (300) for optimizing utilization of a wireless communication link in a limited...
Electronic component, method of cooling, and damper therefor
An electronic component (100) includes an electronic equipment enclosure (110), a plurality of electronic devices (121) inside the enclosure, air movers (130)...
Data communications network
A method (200, 300) and apparatus (100) provides for displaying locally the position and identity of various field operatives or agents who have radio receiver...
Driver having substantially constant and linear output resistance, and
A transmitter module (100) for LVDS systems provides differential data transmission (.DELTA.V between lines 1, 2) with an resistance (R.sub.OUT) which is...
High speed phase detector and a method for detecting phase difference
A phase detector and a method for detecting phase difference between two high frequency signals, the phase detector is adapted to receive a reference signal REF,...
Silicon carbide transistor and method therefor
A silicon carbide transistor (10) is formed from a silicon carbide film (14) that is formed on a silicon carbide substrate bulk (37). A conductor pattern layer...
Portable apparatus for storing and disinfecting a fluid using ultraviolet
An apparatus for storing and disinfecting a fluid includes a container (12) and a cap member (16) for containing the fluid and a cap member (16). The container...
Connector assembly and male connector assembly associated therewith
A male connector assembly (1) has a former (2) and a foldable substrate (3) supporting leads (4) that are electrically coupled to respective connector pads (5)....
Punch out pattern for hot melt tape used in smartcards
An improved punch out pattern for a hot melt tape used in smartcard manufacture. The hot melt tape is provided with punch out channels that direct the overflow...
Accessory adapter for radio communication device
System for converting instructions, and method therefore
A converter (130) comprises a multiplex-buffer (410) at a bus (120), a decoder (420), an output buffer (430) and a comparator (440). The multiplex-buffer (410)...
Method for storing data structures in memory using address pointers, and
A compiler system (190) stores a data structure (101, e.g., a program) to a memory (110) of an execution system (100). The data structure (101) comprises, for...
Method, apparatus and system for generating acoustic parameters in a
text-to-speech system using a neural network
The present invention provides a method, device and system to generate acoustic parameters in a text-to-speech system utilizing a neural network to generate a...
Method, device and system for noise-tolerant language understanding
A method (900), device (200) and system (100) provide, in response to text/linguistic input, one of a set of pre-determined meanings which is the most likely...