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Circuit for RF buffer and method of operation
An RF buffer (10) supplies a single ended output signal and differential output signals. An average voltage of the differential output signals is compared to a...
Variable time delay network method and apparatus therof
A variable time delay network (210) includes segments (270, 260) which are connected in parallel to form variable time delay network (210). Segment (270)...
Method and apparatus for high efficiency power amplification
A method and apparatus for efficient power amplification of a wideband signal with a correspondingly wide modulation bandwidth includes an envelope detector...
Prescaler system circuits
A prescaler system (100) has a prescaler circuit (102) coupled to a divider (104), wherein the divider includes an improved dynamic flip flop divider (118). The...
Circuit and method of extending the linear range of a phase frequency
A wireless communication system (10) uses a phase detector (28) having a first pair of flip-flops (50, 56) for detecting the phase difference between an input...
Line driver circuit with reduced power consumption
A differential line driver circuit has a first operational amplifier (202) and a second operational amplifier (204). The operational amplifiers use resistors...
Sub-miniature high efficiency battery charger exploiting leakage
inductance of wall transformer power supply,...
A battery charger (100) suitable for sub-miniaturization and connection to a wall transformer power supply (20) to charge a battery (30). The battery charger...
Electron emissive film and method
A method for forming an electron emissive film (200, 730, 830) includes the steps of: (i) evaporating a graphite source (120, 620) in a cathodic arc deposition...
Semiconductor device including a memory cell and peripheral portion and
method for forming same
A semiconductor device including a substrate (220) having a primary surface, a memory cell (202) provided on the substrate, the memory cell (202) including a...
Method of forming a semiconductor image sensor and structure
An image sensor (10) has an image sensing element that includes an N-type conducting region (26) and a P-type pinned layer (37). The two regions form two P-N...
High breakdown voltage resurf HFET
A high breakdown voltage HFET includes a reduced surface field (RESURF) layer of p-type conductivity GaN positioned on a substrate with a channel layer of n-type...
Carbon electrode material for electrochemical cells and method of making
A method (50) of fabricating a microscopically dense amorphous carbon material for use as an electrode (20) in an electrochemical cell (10) includes the steps of...
Handheld data terminal
Secure bus arbiter interconnect arrangement
An apparatus is provided to handle classes of data in computer systems that must not be permitted to intermingle due to their security classifications or...
Electronic circuit for a portable electronic device
An electronic circuit (200) for a portable electronic device includes an energy source interface (202), a load (204) coupled to the energy source interface...
Radiotelephone service planning system and method for determining a best
server for a communication connection
A radiotelephone service planning system (10) and method determines best servers in communication systems by determining a interference based communication...
Method of performing handoff in a wireless communication system
The present invention provides a method for determining whether to handoff in a wireless communication system (100). The system (100) collects first ...
Signal processing apparatus with stages in a signal path operating as
LFSR of alternable type and method for...
According to the present invention, an LFSR (300) has a propagation path (30) of serially coupled stages (65) and gates (80-3, 80-4), a feedforward path (10) of...
Vertical cavity surface emitting laser semiconductor chip with
integrated drivers and photodetectors and method...
A vertical cavity surface emitting laser semiconductor chip including a vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) formed on a substrate, a photodetector,...
Method for measuring time and structure therefor
A time measurement circuit (100) measures a time interval between two events. The time measurement circuit (100) includes two digital phase counters (10' and...
Quantum random address memory with nano-diode mixer
Quantum random address memory apparatus including a low dimensional plurality of address ports, a plurality of nano-memory elements, nano-diodes coupling the...
Microscanner for portable laser diode displays
A microscanner composed of a semiconductor wafer, having formed as a part thereof a cantilevered portion and having mounted thereon at least one laser diode. The...
Electrically tunable band pass filter with symmetrical low-side and
A tunable filter (400) provides dual injection mode operation over a continuously tunable frequency range (500). A combination of mirrored series resonant...
Method and apparatus for high efficiency power amplification
A method and apparatus for efficient power amplification over a wide dynamic range and for a number of modulation formats includes a carrier amplifier (30) and a...
Semiconductor structure for driver circuits with level shifting
An arrangement (100) has a low voltage circuit (196') on a first doped well (110) and a high voltage circuit (197') on a second doped well (120) integrated into...
Insulated gate semiconductor device
An insulated gate semiconductor device (10) has a double spacer gate structure (45). To form the gate structure (45), a stack having sidewalls (22) is formed...
Ferroelectric semiconductor device, and ferroelectric semiconductor
A ferroelectric semiconductor device (10) and a method of manufacturing the ferroelectric semiconductor device (10). The ferroelectric semiconductor device (10)...
Holographic textile fiber
A holographic textile fiber that selectively absorbs and reflects different wavelengths of light. A plurality of holographic textile fibers in combination...
Method of chemical mechanical planarization using copper coordinating
A method of CMP of the semiconductor device where the method comprises the sequential steps of providing a semiconductor device, forming a copper layer on the...
Method of making a semiconductor device
A semiconductor device (10) is formed in a semiconductor substrate (11) and an epitaxial layer (14). The semiconductor device includes a p-type body region (16),...
Optimum condition detection method for flip-chip
An optimum condition detection method for flip-chip bonding that facilitates simple detection of optimum pressure and heating temperature for flip-chip bonding...
Method of bonding bio-molecules to a test site
A method of bonding bio-molecules to a test site including providing a substrate having a test site defined on a surface thereof, providing a solution containing...
Snap apparatus for housings
The present invention relates to a snap arrangement comprising snap hooks (208) associated with a first housing (200) that snap over corresponding protrusions...
Method and apparatus for transmitting user-customized high-quality,
A method and apparatus for improving the quality and transmission rates of speech is presented. Upon connection of a call with a receiving terminal, a...
Retractable lanyard wire/bail for a portable telecommunications device
A radiotelephone (100) includes a bottom housing (108) defining a slot (1502) and a lanyard bail (1500) movably disposed through the slot (1502). The lanyard...
Closeable communication device and method of operating the same
A closeable communication device (102), such as a cellular telephone, has a housing (105), an input device, such as a button (208), carried on the housing (105),...
Method for accessing and providing access to a packet channel
A communications system (100) has a TDMA signal (110) accessed by one or more mobile stations (104). The TDMA signal carries both circuit switched and packet...
Method and apparatus for transmission and reception of a transmission
rate in a CDMA communication system
In a communication system where a continuous reverse channel transmission is utilized by redundant transmission of Walsh codes, a current transmission rate is...
Wireless protocol method and apparatus supporting transaction requests
with variable length responses
A method of wireless communication using a hybrid of a transaction protocol and a connection oriented protocol includes the steps of initiating a wireless...
Ultraviolet transmitting oxide with metallic oxide phase and method of
An electro-conductive ultraviolet light transmitting Ga.sub.2 O.sub.3 material (10) with a metallic oxide phase is deposited on a GaAs substrate or supporting...
Method and apparatus for detecting an RFID tag signal
An antenna array for detecting a coded radio frequency identification (RFID) tag signal generated by a tag during passage of the tag through a detection volume,...
Integrated circuit assembly and method of assembly
An integrated circuit assembly (12) such as used on a radio frequency identification tag, or other device, includes an integrated circuit (14) coupled to first...
Field emission device having a focusing structure and method of
A field emission device (400) includes a substrate (414), a cathode (415) disposed on substrate (414), a dielectric layer (418) disposed on cathode (415) and...
Microelectronic package including a polymer encapsulated die
A microelectronic package (10) is formed and includes an integrated circuit die (12) attached to a substrate (14) by a plurality of solder bump interconnections...
Semiconductor device with a copper barrier layer and formation thereof
A method of forming a semiconductor device by first providing a substrate in a processing chamber. The substrate has an insulating layer and an opening in the...
Method and apparatus for detecting bad frames of information in a
A communication system implements detection of bad frames of information by utilizing multiple bit correction thresholds. Equipment used within the communication...
Data communications system with session control
A method of operation of a data communications system (5) with session control having a data communications network (10) and at least a first communications...
System and method of encoding and decoding a layered bitstream by
re-applying psychoacoustic analysis in the...
The invention provides a device, method (400,500,600), and system (100) to improve compression efficiency when coding audio for bitrate scalability. It includes...
Method and apparatus for inband signaling control of vocoder bypass
Vocoder bypass is provided using in-band signaling. In preferred embodiments of the present invention, three signaling channels are arranged for transmission...