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Quantum random address memory with nano-diode mixer
Quantum random address memory apparatus including a low dimensional plurality of address ports, a plurality of nano-memory elements, nano-diodes coupling the...
Microscanner for portable laser diode displays
A microscanner composed of a semiconductor wafer, having formed as a part thereof a cantilevered portion and having mounted thereon at least one laser diode. The...
Electrically tunable band pass filter with symmetrical low-side and
A tunable filter (400) provides dual injection mode operation over a continuously tunable frequency range (500). A combination of mirrored series resonant...
Method and apparatus for high efficiency power amplification
A method and apparatus for efficient power amplification over a wide dynamic range and for a number of modulation formats includes a carrier amplifier (30) and a...
Semiconductor structure for driver circuits with level shifting
An arrangement (100) has a low voltage circuit (196') on a first doped well (110) and a high voltage circuit (197') on a second doped well (120) integrated into...
Insulated gate semiconductor device
An insulated gate semiconductor device (10) has a double spacer gate structure (45). To form the gate structure (45), a stack having sidewalls (22) is formed...
Ferroelectric semiconductor device, and ferroelectric semiconductor
A ferroelectric semiconductor device (10) and a method of manufacturing the ferroelectric semiconductor device (10). The ferroelectric semiconductor device (10)...
Holographic textile fiber
A holographic textile fiber that selectively absorbs and reflects different wavelengths of light. A plurality of holographic textile fibers in combination...
Method of chemical mechanical planarization using copper coordinating
A method of CMP of the semiconductor device where the method comprises the sequential steps of providing a semiconductor device, forming a copper layer on the...
Method of making a semiconductor device
A semiconductor device (10) is formed in a semiconductor substrate (11) and an epitaxial layer (14). The semiconductor device includes a p-type body region (16),...
Optimum condition detection method for flip-chip
An optimum condition detection method for flip-chip bonding that facilitates simple detection of optimum pressure and heating temperature for flip-chip bonding...
Method of bonding bio-molecules to a test site
A method of bonding bio-molecules to a test site including providing a substrate having a test site defined on a surface thereof, providing a solution containing...
Snap apparatus for housings
The present invention relates to a snap arrangement comprising snap hooks (208) associated with a first housing (200) that snap over corresponding protrusions...
Method and apparatus for transmitting user-customized high-quality,
A method and apparatus for improving the quality and transmission rates of speech is presented. Upon connection of a call with a receiving terminal, a...
Retractable lanyard wire/bail for a portable telecommunications device
A radiotelephone (100) includes a bottom housing (108) defining a slot (1502) and a lanyard bail (1500) movably disposed through the slot (1502). The lanyard...
Closeable communication device and method of operating the same
A closeable communication device (102), such as a cellular telephone, has a housing (105), an input device, such as a button (208), carried on the housing (105),...
Method for accessing and providing access to a packet channel
A communications system (100) has a TDMA signal (110) accessed by one or more mobile stations (104). The TDMA signal carries both circuit switched and packet...
Method and apparatus for transmission and reception of a transmission
rate in a CDMA communication system
In a communication system where a continuous reverse channel transmission is utilized by redundant transmission of Walsh codes, a current transmission rate is...
Wireless protocol method and apparatus supporting transaction requests
with variable length responses
A method of wireless communication using a hybrid of a transaction protocol and a connection oriented protocol includes the steps of initiating a wireless...
Ultraviolet transmitting oxide with metallic oxide phase and method of
An electro-conductive ultraviolet light transmitting Ga.sub.2 O.sub.3 material (10) with a metallic oxide phase is deposited on a GaAs substrate or supporting...
Method and apparatus for detecting an RFID tag signal
An antenna array for detecting a coded radio frequency identification (RFID) tag signal generated by a tag during passage of the tag through a detection volume,...
Integrated circuit assembly and method of assembly
An integrated circuit assembly (12) such as used on a radio frequency identification tag, or other device, includes an integrated circuit (14) coupled to first...
Field emission device having a focusing structure and method of
A field emission device (400) includes a substrate (414), a cathode (415) disposed on substrate (414), a dielectric layer (418) disposed on cathode (415) and...
Microelectronic package including a polymer encapsulated die
A microelectronic package (10) is formed and includes an integrated circuit die (12) attached to a substrate (14) by a plurality of solder bump interconnections...
Semiconductor device with a copper barrier layer and formation thereof
A method of forming a semiconductor device by first providing a substrate in a processing chamber. The substrate has an insulating layer and an opening in the...
Method and apparatus for detecting bad frames of information in a
A communication system implements detection of bad frames of information by utilizing multiple bit correction thresholds. Equipment used within the communication...
Data communications system with session control
A method of operation of a data communications system (5) with session control having a data communications network (10) and at least a first communications...
System and method of encoding and decoding a layered bitstream by
re-applying psychoacoustic analysis in the...
The invention provides a device, method (400,500,600), and system (100) to improve compression efficiency when coding audio for bitrate scalability. It includes...
Method and apparatus for inband signaling control of vocoder bypass
Vocoder bypass is provided using in-band signaling. In preferred embodiments of the present invention, three signaling channels are arranged for transmission...
Method and apparatus for re-establishing a communication in a wireless
A method and corresponding apparatus for re-establishing a communication in a wireless communication system is disclosed. A serving base-station (32) detects...
Method and apparatus in a two-way wireless communication system for
location-based message transmission
A table (328) is created (402) for mapping, for ones of a plurality of portable subscriber units (122), a plurality of message types to a corresponding plurality...
Self gain aligning circuit and method
An K-band amplifier circuit (10) with two samplers (12, 18) coupled to detectors (22, 26) that detect an input and an output RF signal level. These two reference...
Method and apparatus in a communication receiver for estimating symbol
timing and carrier frequency
A communication receiver (300) receives (404) a modulated signal, and demodulates the modulated signal to recover a timing signal (202) and a data signal (204)...
Method and apparatus for wireless RS232 communication
A controller circuit (107) between a transceiver (104) and an RS232communication port (103) provides wireless communication to a remote unit and includes a...
Method and apparatus for spreading and despreading data in a
spread-spectrum communication system
A current mode of operation is provided to a Walsh spreader (203), and based on the current mode of operation, the Walsh spreader (203) either varies a Walsh...
Data transmission within a spread-spectrum communication system
Remote units (113) having large amounts of data to transmit will be dynamically assigned Orthogonal Variable Spreading Factor (OVSF) codes corresponding to...
VCSEL having integrated photodetector for automatic power control
A VCSEL (113) having a first and a second stack of distributed Bragg reflectors (120, 116) and an active region (118) is formed. Conductive layers (108 and 109)...
Receive signal quality estimates suitable for pagers used in
satellite-based communication systems
A method of producing a receive signal quality estimate in a subscriber unit (SU) located in a given geographic area covered by a wireless communication system...
Non-volatile multistate memory cell using a ferroelectric gate fet
A multi-state non-volatile ferroelectric memory includes a field effect transistor having a gate insulator formed of ferroelectric material. The ferroelectric...
Differential charge and dump optoelectronic receiver
A differential charge and dump optoelectronic receiver for baseband digital optoelectronic data links is disclosed having a preamplifier and a voltage controlled...
Circuit for producing a contrast voltage signal for a liquid crystal
display which uses a differential...
A circuit (100) for produces an LCD contrast voltage signal (VLCD) for a low power MCU-controlled application. The reference voltage (VREF) for a switched mode...
Electronic scanning reflector antenna and method for using same
An antenna subsystem (120) which comprises an electronic scanning reflector antenna (400) is used for the formation of single and multiple beams. Reflecting...
Device for making RF and data connection to a satellite subscriber unit
An accessory (100) for docking a handset (1010) of a SSU and providing a connection to the SSU's antenna (1210) or a different antenna. The accessory (100)...
Portable dead reckoning system for extending GPS coverage
This invention extends GPS coverage in an automotive environment without requiring direct interfaces to the vehicle's sensors in a unique and cost effective way....
Communication system and method for determining a reliability of a signal
The present invention addresses the need for an apparatus and method of determining the reliability of a first signal (e.g., 116) received by a given base site...
Radio frequency identification tag having printed circuit
A radio frequency identification tag (100) includes a radio frequency identification tag circuit chip (112) bonded to a substrate (114). Additional circuit...
Voltage regulator with automatic accelerated aging circuit
A voltage regulator with automatic accelerated aging circuit (200) includes a comparator (202), a switched voltage divider (204), and a current-to-voltage...
Sub-miniature high efficiency battery charger system and method
A battery charger system (10) consisting of a power supply unit (20) and a battery charger unit (70). The power supply unit (20) features a current profile...
Active matrix display
A flat panel display (10) uses active matrix addressing. Two parallel substrates (20, 30) have an organic electroluminescent medium (40) that emits visible light...
Field emission device
An electron emitter (121, 221, 321, 421) includes an electron emitter structure (118) having a passivation layer (120, 220, 320, 420) formed thereon. The...