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Oscillator circuit having a differential configuration and method of
An oscillator circuit (100) provides improved noise immunity by utilizing a differential common base configuration. The oscillator includes a differential...
Linear low noise phase-frequency detector
A phase-frequency detector (110) includes an output stage (300) and a control stage (200). The output stage includes a pump up switched current source (350), a...
Silicon carbide transistor and method
A silicon carbide MESFET (10) is formed to have a source (21) and a drain (22) that are self-aligned to a gate (16) of the MESFET (10). The gate (16) is formed...
Chemical mechanical polishing (CMP) slurry for polishing copper
interconnects which use tantalum-based barrier...
A method for forming a copper interconnect on an integrated circuit (IC) begins by forming a dielectric layer (20) having an opening. A tantalum-based barrier...
Method for using a conductive tungsten nitride etch stop layer to form
conductive interconnects and tungsten...
A method for forming a contact structure (10) which enables the use of ultra-shallow source/drain junctions begins by forming source and drain regions (14) and...
Selective metallization/deposition for semiconductor devices
A method of selective metallization/deposition including patterning a mask on the surface of a substrate structure to define contact areas, and utilizing a...
Integrated circuit interconnect method and apparatus
A method of packaging a semiconductor device (10) partitions a distribution substrate (20, 40) into regions (31-34) such that attachment points (22) for...
Method for forming a lithographic mask used for patterning semiconductor
A method of forming a lithographic mask, including exposing an energy beam on a first selected spot (118) on the patterning layer of a mask substrate, within a...
Substrate for transferring bumps and method of use
A first pattern of bumps and a second pattern of bumps are formed on a substrate (10) with bumps (14,15). During a transfer process, only the bumps (14) of the...
Method and system for performing an L.sub.11 norm operation
A method and system for an L.sub.1 norm operation are provided. A sequence of input signals is distributed through a data pipeline to a programmable accumulator....
Method of making coaxial transmission lines on a printed circuit board
A method of forming a coaxial transmission line on a high density PCB. A metal strip (102) on the PCB (104) forms the bottom part of the shield, and is covered...
Method and apparatus for encoding and decoding binary information using
restricted coded modulation and...
A restricted coded modulator apparatus (100, FIG. 1) is used to assign binary digits to symbols such that an error in one or more binary digits in an M-ary...
Method and apparatus for affecting subsequent instruction processing in
a data processor
A method and apparatus affects subsequent instruction processing in a data processor (10). In one embodiment, a delay interrupt recognition instruction (IDLY4)...
Communicator having reconfigurable resources
A communicator (10) includes a plurality of reconfigurable resource units (13) that can each be dynamically altered to perform any of a multitude of processing...
Devices for transmitter path weights and methods therefor
A receiving communication device (101) receives a reference signal transmitted through at least one of the antennas (106, 110, 112) of an antenna array of a...
Radiotelephone having a user interface module
A radiotelephone (100) comprises a user interface module (102) including a membrane sheet layer (302), user interface circuitry (304) and a flexible circuit...
Method and apparatus for implementing diversity for a dual-mode
The present invention provides a method for implementing diversity for a dual-mode communication unit in a communication system. The communication system...
Method and apparatus for providing private global networks in a
satellite communication system
Private Global Networks (PGNs) between communication terminals (110, 114, 116, 118) are established within a satellite communication system (100). Each PGN...
Method for performing model checking in integrated circuit design
A method is presented for performing model checking of an integrated circuit design that avoids the need for construction of an environment model by the use of...
Method for recovering a source signal from a composite signal and
Methods and apparatus for recovering a desired signal from a composite signal. In one method, sample-based information maximization techniques for blind...
Method and apparatus for determining hand-off candidates in a
A communication system provides wireless communication in a coverage area and includes a base station (100) and a mobile station (290). The base station (100)...
Method and apparatus for a global positioning data service
In a telecommunication system (15) with at least one gateway (1), subscriber units (2), system controller (3), at least one communication satellite (4) and...
Segmented DAC using PMOS and NMOS switches for improved span
A digital-to-analog converter with cascaded coarse and fine resistor divider strings. The fine resistor string contains 2.sup.N or more resistor segments...
Power combiner for use in a radio frequency system and a method of
constructing a power combiner
A power combiner including a plurality of phasing transmission lines (122) supporting a set of amplifiers (103-105) coupled thereto, and a plurality of matching...
CMOS implemented output buffer circuit for providing ECL level signals
A CMOS implemented output buffer (10) provides ECL level output signals. The output buffer (10) is implemented in two stages. The first stage (36) includes an...
Apparatus and method for reducing energy fluctuations in a portable data
A portable data device employs an integrated circuit having a signal processor that receives a power signal from an external source via a power node. A...
Electronic ballast with two-step boost converter and method
An electronic ballast (10) for fluorescent lamps includes a rectifier circuit (100), a boost converter (200), and an inverter (500). The boost converter (200)...
Active matrix OED array with improved OED cathode
An active matrix OED array with an improved device cathode includes a plurality of control transistors formed on a semiconductor substrate with insulating...
Electronic control module
An electronic control module (40) includes a base plate (12) bent about first and second major bend axis (27, 28). The base plate includes first and second...
Method of forming a semiconductor device having a stacked capacitor
The present invention is a process for forming a lower capacitor electrode. Specifically, an oxygen tolerant bottom electrode layer (312) is formed over a...
Advanced signal process for a material storage measuring device
An advanced signal processing technique accurately discriminates and estimates a small sinusoidal signal in close proximity from one or more large sinusoidal...
Dynamic calorimetric sensor system
A calorimetric sensor system requires a vehicle's internal combustion engine to cyclically operate between first and second conditions to repeatedly produce a...
Clip for portable electronic devices
A clip (10) for attaching a portable electronic device (50) to an article of clothing. Clip (10) has a latch member (12) and a mount guide (14). Retainers...
Hinge suitable for use in a foldable device
A foldable device (100) includes two housings (102, 108) rotatably coupled by a hinge (3800) about an axis of rotation (211). The hinge (3800) has a stationary...
Transit vehicle card reader
Method and apparatus for decoding a data packet
A method and apparatus decodes a data packet in a communication system utilizing an error correcting code. Channel symbols are received (302), and channel symbol...
Data processing system and method of permutation with replication within
a vector register file
The data processing system of the present invention loads three input operands, including two input vectors and a control vector, into vector registers and...
Method and apparatus for dynamically selecting a frequency reuse plan
for a radio messaging system
A method and apparatus in a radio messaging system monitors (304, 404), by a plurality of base receivers (207), an inbound channel for an inbound transmission...
Multiple BIST controllers for testing multiple embedded memory arrays
Multiple memory arrays (215, 225) in embedded applications are each tightly coupled to their own Built-In Self-Test (BIST) controller to form BISTed memory cells...
Failsafe security system and method
Controllable functions (210, 220, 230) and controllable connection managers (212, 222, 216, 226) are used to provide a fail-safe security system implemented on a...
Method and apparatus for performing frame synchronization in an
asymmetrical digital subscriber line (ADSL) system
A method and apparatus for performing DMT frame synchronization in an ADSL system begins by providing a training signal (82) to a receiver of the ADSL system...
Method and apparatus for decoding a coded signal in a communication
The present invention is a method and apparatus for decoding a coded signal in a communication system. The coded signal is processed through digital signal...
VCSEL having polarization control and method of making same
A vertical cavity surface emitting laser with polarization control includes a first stack of distributed Bragg reflectors positioned on a substrate with an...
Methods and systems for providing a resource in an electronic network
A method of providing a resource in an electronic network (20) which includes receiving a signal associated with machine-readable data (16) read from a network...
Antenna arrangement for a wireless communication device
An antenna arrangement (402) for a wireless communication device (400) comprises a first element (404) and a second element (406). The first element (404) is...
Spoofer detection power management for GPS receivers
In a GPS receiver, power is conserved by powering down P-code circuitry during and utilizing C/A code circuits during times when interfering signals, such as...
Signal conditioning circuit including a combined ADC/DAC, sensor system,
and method therefor
An electronically calibrated sensor (100) includes a sensing element (102) with an output coupled to a signal conditioning circuit (104). The signal conditioning...
Thick-film resistor having concentric terminals and method therefor
A thick-film resistor and a process for forming the resistor to have accurate dimensions, thereby yielding a precise resistance value. The resistor generally...
Temperature compensated decibel linear variable gain amplifier
A gain control signal (VCTRL) is provided to a temperature compensating circuit (12) which produces a differential temperature compensating gain control signal...