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Method for forming a line-on-line multi-level metal interconnect
structure for use in integrated circuits
A method of manufacturing a semiconductor component with a multi-level interconnect system includes providing a substrate (11), fabricating a device (12) in the...
Method of fabricating submicron FETs with low temperature group III-V
A method of fabricating submicron HFETs includes forming a buffered substrate structure with a supporting substrate of GaAs, a portion of low temperature AlGaAs...
Tooling die insert and rapid method for fabricating same
A rapid method for fabricating a tooling die insert (71) is disclosed. A set of master parts (31, 32) in the shape of the insert is formed using ...
Syndrome-based channel quality or message structure determiner
A syndrome-based channel quality or message structure determiner (160) uses syndrome vectors to estimate the quality of a received signal in a variable message...
Optical submodule and method for making
An optical module that includes a multiple number of VCSELs, or VCSELs and conventional edge emitting lasers, is proposed to be incorporated into a DVD pickup to...
Magnetoresistive random access memory device and method of manufacture
A Magnetoresistive Random Access Memory (MRAM) device (10) and a method for manufacturing the MRAM device (10). The MRAM device (10) has a plurality of pairs of...
Method and system for performing an L.sub.2 norm operation
A method and system for an L.sub.2 norm operation are provided. A sequence of input signals is converted to a sequence of log signals. The sequence of log...
Semiconductor component having leadframe with offset ground plane
A semiconductor component includes a leadframe (11, 40) having leads (12, 41) and a ground plane (13, 42) wherein the ground plane (13, 42) has an opening (15,...
Bio-molecule analyzer with detector array and filter device
A bio-molecule analyzer including a plurality of test sites on a transparent substrate, each test site having probe molecules attached thereto. An array of...
Radio frequency switch assembly
A radio frequency switch assembly (120) is mountable between an antenna port (110) and a detachable antenna (130) of a radio communication device assembly (100)...
Vibrating apparatus and method therefor
A vibrating apparatus (200) comprises a vibrating element (202), electromagnetic coils (204, 206), driver circuits (210, 212), and a controller (208) coupled to...
Selective loading for sideband noise ratio reduction of a voltage
A voltage controlled oscillator (1) comprising a voltage controllable variable resonant circuit (2) having a control input (Vctrl), a positive feedback input (6)...
Amplifier with input referred common-mode adjustment
A circuit and method control the common-mode potential at an output (17, 18) of a fully differential amplifier (32) by feeding forward a common-mode correction...
Method and apparatus for reducing distortion in a high efficiency power
A method and apparatus for efficient power amplification of a wideband signal with a correspondingly wide modulation bandwidth includes an envelope detector...
Lateral bipolar transistor operating with independent base and gate
A laterally formed bipolar transistor receives independent base biasing at a base terminal and gate biasing at a gate terminal for providing high forward current...
A control circuit for controlling a current switch to provide current to a load circuit, includes a hysteresis trigger circuit arranged to selectively switch on...
Field emission display with temperature sensing element and method for
the operation thereof
A field emission display (100) includes a cathode plate (104) having a plurality of electron emitters (112) and ballast resistors (118), an anode plate (120)...
Optical semiconductor component and method of fabrication
An optical semiconductor component (10) includes a substrate (11) having a surface (12), a photodetector (13) supported by the substrate (11), and a seismic mass...
Process for forming a semiconductor device
A process has been developed for a post-chemical mechanical polishing cleaning/passivting step to remove slurry particles (52) and form a passivating film (64)...
Binding assay methods
In accordance with a first aspect, a binding assay comprises a machine-readable storage medium which supports a molecular receptor (22). In accordance with a...
Single crystal ingot and method for growing the same
A single crystal ingot (10) is grown by first inserting a single crystal seed (14) into a melt (11) and pulling the seed (14) at a high pulling rate to grow a...
Apparatus and method for high speed data and command transfer over an
The apparatus and method for high speed data and command transfer over an interface (202), such as an ISA or PCMCIA bus or interface, includes a transceiver...
Electronic device with holographic keypad
An electronic device (100) has a keypad (150) that is backed by holographic film material (155) to enhance keypad lighting and overall appearance. Images (252)...
Telephone and method for concurrent registration of two identification
numbers using multi-number sim card
A telephone includes a SIM card reader which receives SIM cards. The SIM card may contain two or more telephone numbers for which the phone is activated. One of...
Apparatus and method for tuning the gain of a transmitter utilizing
A transmitter has a loop switch (132) and a feedback switch (127), which are operated by a control circuit (134). An unamplified value is obtained by connecting...
Communication device having a reduced level of hazardous substances
A communication device is designed to contain the lowest possible level of toxic or hazardous materials, so that when it is eventually disposed of, it will not...
Method for preventing electroplating of copper on an exposed surface at
the edge exclusion of a semiconductor wafer
A method for forming a copper interconnect (54) begins by depositing a barrier layer (48). An intermediate layer (50) is formed over the barrier layer (48) by...
Method of fabricating a semiconductor device with a thinned substrate
A method of fabricating a semiconductor device on thinned wide bandgap material including providing a support having a planar surface and a semiconductor...
Optoelectronic device and method of assembly
An optoelectronic connector (10) coupled to a fiber ferrule (38) containing an optical fiber (39) and a method for coupling the optoelectronic connector (10) to...
Portable radiotelephone arrangement having a battery pack and a
A portable radiotelephone (100) arrangement is disclosed. The portable radiotelephone is preferably foldable and comprises a first housing (102) and a second...
Method for forming a titanate thin film on silicon, and device formed
A method for forming a dielectric layer onto a substrate having a silicon surface includes initially depositing an oxidizable metal thin film onto the surface...
Planar antenna with patch radiators for wide bandwidth
A microstrip antenna (100) achieves wider bandwidth by using an asymmetric radiating structure (110). The radiating structure (110) supports at least two...
Acoustic wave ladder filter with effectively increased coupling
coefficient and method of providing same
An acoustic wave ladder filter (30) with lossy inductances (42) connected in parallel with resonators (40). Shunt sections (36,37) of the ladder filter (30)...
Method for an electronic device to detect the presence of a battery
A battery (104) is connected to a host device (106), the host device is an electrical or electronic device, such as a cellular telephone. The battery is...
Leadframe having continuously reducing width and semiconductor device
including such a leadframe
A leadframe (100) has a flag having an outer contour that tapers from first and second opposing ends (160, 162) to a common point, the midline (200) of the flag....
Housing assembly including a latch mechanism and a selective call
A housing assembly includes a housing (100) and a door (102). The housing has a first opening (115) and includes a selective call receiver (200). The door is...
Portable communications device
Transaction methods systems and devices
A transaction system includes a computer (20) which performs a transaction method comprising steps of receiving a first data element indicating an item in a...
Method, device and system for a memory-efficient random-access
pronunciation lexicon for text-to-speech synthesis
A method (400, 900, 1000, 1100), device (1205, 1306) and system (1207, 1308) provide memory-efficient encoding of the random-access lexicon for a text-to-speech...
Method, device and article of manufacture for neural-network based
A method (2000), device (2200) and article of manufacture (2300) provide, in response to orthographic information, efficient generation of a phonetic...
Speaker identification system and method
A speaker identification system (10) employs a supervised training process (100) that uses row action projection (RAP) to generate speaker model data for a set...
Method of local routing and transcoder therefor
A transcoder of a communication system is arranged to selectively embed (104) a data pattern into a call (102) to produce a slow-rate data channel in the call...
Apparatus and method for producing a plurality of output signals with
fixed phase relationships therebetween
An apparatus and method produce a plurality of output signals (917-921) with fixed phase relationships therebetween. The apparatus (900) includes a first signal...
Method and apparatus for conserving energy in a selective call receiver
A radio communication system (5) includes a transmitting unit (1) coupled to at least one controller (6). The controller (6) is adapted to subdivide the SCR's...
Satellite-based ring alert apparatus and method of use
A satellite communication system provides users with global cellular coverage. To facilitate delivery of calls to users having subscriber units, a fixed channel...
Semiconductor encapsulation method
An encapsulant (17) is applied to a semiconductor wafer (16). The bottom surface (28) of the wafer (16) is held substantially planar while curing the encapsulant...
Microelectronic assembly including a decomposable encapsulant, and
method for forming and reworking same
A microelectronic assembly (10) includes an integrated circuit component (14) spaced apart from a substrate (12) by a gap filled with a polymeric encapsulant...