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Method and recognizer for recognizing a sampled sound signal in noise
A sound recognizer uses a feature value normalization process to substantially increase the accuracy of recognizing acoustic signals in noise. The sound...
Method for identifying a mobile unit in a wireless communication system
The method operates in a wireless communication system, and includes receiving at a first base station having a first location, a widebeam signal from a first...
Method for a mobile to register with one or more cell sites and method
for paging the mobile
A wireless communication system includes switching infrastructure (150) and at least one location area ("LA") having a multiplicity of cells (the "multiple-cell...
Expedited home gateway access method and system
A method (100) and system (10) are used to expedite access for a period of time for those subscriber units (30) which have previously executed the complete home...
Apparatus and method for alternative radiotelephone system selection
A dual mode cellular cordless portable radiotelephone preferentially selects the cordless base station over the cellular system when in range of the cordless...
Defuzzifying method in fuzzy inference system
In a fuzzy inference system using a plurality of output label membership functions mBi(y), each of which is represented by a singleton having a position yi and a...
Molecular detection apparatus and method using optical waveguide
A target molecule at a binding site is detected using an optical waveguide having a surface proximate to the binding site, and a waveguide detector coupled to...
Ternary CAM memory architecture and methodology
The present invention encompasses a method of storing ternary data that includes the steps of (1) initializing a conversion register by storing binary-to-ternary...
Methods of detecting decryption errors
In a data communications system, including an infrastructure arranged to communicate over a data channel with a plurality of data terminals, a method of...
Apparatus and method for authentication and session key exchange in a
The apparatus (101, 110) and method for authentication is provided by generating R and encrypting it using a selected algorithm K as the key in a primary...
Method of and apparatus for controlling operation of a multi-line
A telephone apparatus includes a phone jack arrangement (299) providing an interface to land lines from the central office and other telephone apparatuses. Phone...
Band-pass sigma-delta converter and commutating filter therefor
A communication receiver (600) utilizes a band-pass sigma-delta converter (100) for receiving a radio signal. The band-pass sigma-delta converter (100) includes...
System and method for indicating errored messages
A selective call receiving device (14) and method distinguishes between received message words with no errors and received message words with correctable errors...
Method and apparatus for modeling process control
A method for process control which uses discrete lots in which each lot is uniquely identified. The process is modeled with a precedence rule which allows...
Apparatus for communication by an electronic device and method for
communicating between electronic devices
The apparatus includes a first housing (10) defining a first chamber (26), the first chamber sized to enclose an electronic device. The first housing has an...
System and apparatus for, and method of, interfacing a demodulator and a
forward error correction decoder
A system (400) and apparatus (200, 300) for, and method (100) of, interfacing a demodulator and a forward error correction decoder enables a forward error...
Misfire detection method and apparatus
A misfire detection method and apparatus includes measurement of combustion induced torque in an internal combustion engine and provision of time-ordered first,...
Binder solution for a sealing composition and method of use
A sealing composition (134) includes about 85-95 wt. % glass frit, about 2-8 wt. % butyl carbitol acetate, about 2-8 wt. % alpha-terpineol, about 0.05-0.8 wt. %...
Method for monitoring the performance of a catalytic converter using
post catalyst methane measurements
A method for monitoring and controlling the performance of a catalytic converter (34) includes monitoring an exhaust gas stream from an engine (16) for the...
Transit gate card reader
Battery cover for a wireless communication device
Battery housing for a portable radio telephone
Communication device and method for reducing effects of noise
introduction by synchronizing data transfer to a...
A communication device (100) having a receiver circuit (110), signal processor circuit (120), controller circuit (130), either embodied by integrated circuits or...
Crosspole interference canceling receiver for signals with unrelated
Crosspolarized signals of unrelated baud rates transmitted through a communication channel (10) become depolarized due to channel distortions such as rain and...
Method and apparatus for mitigating signal distortion in a communication
A communication system mitigates signal distortion of output signals transmitted by a transmitter element (406). The communication system obtains parameters...
Ultraviolet/visible light emitting vertical cavity surface emitting
laser and method of fabrication
An ultraviolet/blue/green vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) for use in high density data storage that includes the fabrication of a VCSEL structure...
Light emitting device having a defect inhibition layer
A first stack (112) of distributed Bragg reflectors, a first cladding region (114) disposed on the first stack of distributed Bragg reflectors (112) and...
Semiconductor laser package with power monitoring system and optical
A semiconductor laser package including a mounting structure at least partially encapsulating a vertical cavity surface emitting laser and a photodetector. The...
Multi-layer magnetic random access memory and method for fabricating
A new magnetic random access memory (MRAM) unit (30) is provided suitable for fabricating a MRAM device (20). The MRAM cell includes a magnetic storage element...
Spin polarized apparatus
Spin polarized apparatus includes a spin polarizing section of magnetic material with an electron input port and a polarized electron port and a transport...
Device and method for enhancing the viewing angle of a display
A device and method for enhancing the viewing angle of a display including the positioning of a liquid crystal beam deflector on display device, such as a liquid...
Wide beamwidth antenna system and method for making the same
A wide beamwidth antenna system (100) having a number of monopole antenna elements (102-108) disposed on at least one surface (111,113) of a single, flexible...
RF choke with a low Q core formed by sintering ferrous and ferric oxides
A radio frequency (RF) choke inductor (102, 500, 600) includes a magnetic core (502, 602) which substantially dissipates RF and microwave signals. The magnetic...
Unitary packaging system for a capacitor and inductor
A capacitor (14) is disposed in, for example, a ferrite shell (12). A winding (20) is formed around the shell, thereby providing an inductive component....
Method and apparatus for generating a modulated signal
A method and apparatus for generating a modulated signal include a pulse modulation source (215), a pulse modulator (20) for modulating a pulsed signal, a high...
Error suppressing circuit and method therefor for a phase locked loop
An error suppressing circuit (301) and method therefor for a phase locked loop (PLL) (300). According to one embodiment of the present invention, a transient...
Time-delay compensating wideband class-s modulator and method therefor
A time-delay compensating class-S modulator (4) receives an input signal (10) having RF envelope information and generates a delay error signal (18) from a...
Wireless load sharing for parallel power converters and method
A power supply (10) including a virtual resistor. The power supply (10) includes (i) a power stage (11) having an input (12) for accepting unregulated power, an...
Silicon chemical mechanical polish etch (CMP) stop for reduced trench
fill erosion and method for formation
A method for forming shallow trench isolation (STI) (100) begins by forming an oxidizable layer (106) preferably made of polysilicon. An opening is patterned and...
Method of masking substrates leaving exposed facets
A method of masking a substrate to leave an exposed facet for processing during fabrication of a semiconductor devices including providing a substrate formed of...
Amorphous multi-layered structure and method of making the same
An amorphous multi-layered structure (100, 200) is formed by a method including the steps of: i) positioning a deposition substrate (101) in a physical vapor...
Method of making a multilayered gel electrolyte bonded rechargeable
An electrochemical cell 10 includes first and second electrodes 12 and 14 with an electrolyte system 26 disposed therebetween. The electrolyte system includes at...
Low power regenerative feedback device and method
A low power regenerative feedback device and method automatically increases bias current during positive large-signal slewing, enabling output to change faster....
Multiplexed three line synchronous/full-duplex asychronous data bus and
A multiplexed synchronous/asynchronous data bus uses three communications lines (T, C, R) to convey bi-directional synchronous data between two data devices at a...
Method and apparatus for fetching and issuing dual-word or multiple
instructions in a data processing system
An instruction fetch and issuance unit (200) fetches two instruction words and issues at least one instruction word to an instruction decoder (250) per clock...
Method and apparatus for reducing peak-to-average requirements in
multi-tone communication circuits
A symbol generator (804) generates a time-domain discrete multi-tone symbol (810). A magnitude comparator (812) compares the magnitude of the time-domain...
Data bus interface apparatus which measures voltage potential on the
uplink line of the data bus and removes an...
The data bus interface apparatus (243) which interfaces between one of a plurality of peripheral units (111) and a data bus (109). The data bus interface driver...
Long wavelength light emitting vertical cavity surface emitting laser
and method of fabrication
A longwavelength vertical cavity surface emitting laser (VCSEL) for use in optical telecommunications and method of fabrication that includes the fabrication of...
Method for dynamic routing of communication messages
To set-up a dispatch call, a controller identifies the destination units, destination sites, controlled devices and paths needed to support the call, and which...