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High performance thermoelectric material and method of fabrication
A thermoelectric material is disclosed that is manufactured from a method including the steps of: providing a Group IV element boride, and doping the Group IV...
Method for forming an integrated circuit having a bonding pad and a fuse
In one embodiment, a first dielectric layer (32) that overlies a fuse (16) and a bonding pad (30) is etched with a first etch process. This first etch process...
Method and apparatus for managing memory
A method and apparatus of managing a memory (2) having a number of pages (5) involves mapping the physical pages (5) to corresponding pages (4) in a logical...
Method for an execution unit interface protocol and apparatus therefor
An execution unit (2) interface protocol allowing flow-through of data, where a function is specified once and the execution unit performs the function for...
Method and apparatus for providing localized information to a communication
device in a wide area communication...
A wide area communication system (100,200) employs a method and apparatus for providing a localized information (410) to a communication device (500) located in...
Method of and system for estimating a time of arrival of a radio signal
The invention relates to a method for estimating time of arrival of radio signals in particular as used for location determination. A known method of determining...
Doppler correction and path loss compensation for airborne cellular system
The present invention corrects for Doppler shift in both forward and reverse links in a cellular communications system including an airborne repeater. A reverse...
System and method for sampling phase adjustment by an analog modem
A system and method for adjusting the phase of the analog signal produced by an analog modem connected to a digital modem over a telephone network. The digital...
Holster with detection for an inserted electronic device
A holster for a telecommunication device includes a self-contained power source for driving an alert and a detector. The detector detects the presence and...
Band switchable voltage controlled oscillator with substantially constant
Systems and methods are described for a band switchable voltage controlled oscillator. A method comprises: operating said voltage controlled oscillator in a...
Distributed RF amplifier with filtered dummy load
A distributed amplifier consistent with certain embodiments of the present invention has a plurality of amplifier sections 1 through N (302, 306) with each...
Output buffer circuit and method of operation
An output buffer (100) contains a low voltage driver (110), a medium voltage driver (108), and a high voltage driver (106). When an output pad (112) is...
Filtering circuit and battery protection circuit using same
This invention includes an improvement to a power regulation and thermal management circuit. The power regulation and thermal management circuit includes a pass...
Method for manufacturing a substantially integral monolithic apparatus
including a plurality of semiconductor...
A method for manufacturing a monolithic apparatus including a plurality of materials presenting a plurality of coplanar lands includes the steps of: (a)...
Growth of compound semiconductor structures on patterned oxide films and
process for fabricating same
Compound semiconductor structures and devices can be grown on patterned oxide layers deposited on silicon. The deposition of Group II-VI and Group II-V compound...
Method of making an integrated circuit using a reflective mask
A desired pattern is formed in a photoresist layer that overlies a semiconductor wafer using a reflective mask. This mask is formed by consecutively depositing a...
Vacuum microelectronic device and method
A vacuum microelectronic device (10,40) emits electrons (37) from surfaces of nanotube emitters (17, 18). Extracting electrons from the surface of each nanotube...
Syndrome assisted iterative decoder for turbo codes
A syndrome assisted iterative decoder (173) uses iterative processing to decode an input sequence. A syndrome-assisted decoder (216), which may operate...
Reliability-based type-II hybrid ARQ scheme
A communication system employs a HARQ-type retransmission scheme. Bits (701) received on a first transmission are stored and combined with the bits received on...
Multiplier cell and method of computing
An integrated cryptographic system (24) executes a mathematical algorithm that computes equations for public-key cryptography. An arithmetic processor (22)...
Beacon assisted hybrid asynchronous wireless communications protocol
A beacon assisted asynchronous method of wireless communication according to the present invention enables initiating and target devices (12, 14) to remain in...
Method and apparatus for transmitting voice information
A typical radio frame (300) comprises A, B, and C vocoded bits (304). At the end of each frame (300) A and B bits (305) are inserted from a previous frame. Thus,...
Method and apparatus for selecting communication cells in a wireless
In a wireless communication system (100) having a plurality of communication cells (115, 117), and a plurality of mobile stations (118) operating within selected...
Method and apparatus for quantizing and dequantizing data
A method and apparatus for quantising data in a data compression system (1) involves receiving original data (2) in the form of a plurality of discrete data...
Gain controller for circuit having in-phase and quadrature channels, and
In a radio circuit (299) that forwards a signal pair (I,Q) by a first channel (291, I) and by a second channel (292, Q), a gain controller (200) monitors...
Method and system for determining a thickness of a layer
The present invention relates to a method of determining a thickness of at least one layer on at least one semiconductor wafer (12), comprising the steps of:...
Dynamic range on demand receiver and method of varying same
A dynamic range on demand radio frequency (RF) receiver (300) includes a wideband detector (303), off-channel detector (313) and on-channel detector (327)...
Compression/decompression techniques based on tokens and Huffman coding
Huffman coding (302) is first performed on uncompressed data (402) to obtain Huffman data (406). Additionally, the frequencies of one or more variable-length bit...
Polymer electrolyte membrane and method of fabrication
A polymer electrolyte membrane comprised of a hydrophobic hydrocarbon region, a hydrophilic region containing covalently bound acid functional groups and protic...
Conductive paste and semiconductor component having conductive bumps made
from the conductive paste
A conductive paste (16) for use in making conductive bumps (18) and a method for using the conductive paste to make conductive bumps (18) on a substrate (10)....
Synchronous sampling of rotating elements in a fault detection system
having audio analysis and method of using...
A fault detection system for determining whether a fault exists with a rotating element of a vehicle. The system includes a transducer, a diagnosis sampler, a...
Instant message user location tracking system
In an Internet system having instant message capability each of the plurality of users is provided with a wired or wireless device. The wireless device transmits...
Method for communicating within a chat topic in a wireless communication
A method within a wireless communication system (10), provides for communicating a chat topic (82) between a chat server (48) and a plurality of wireless...
Method and apparatus for reducing intermodulation distortion in a low
current drain automatic gain control system
An apparatus for reducing intermodulation distortion in a low current drain automatic gain control system includes a multiplier (1500) and an AGC digital signal...
Method and system for generating a user's telecommunications bill
A method for generating a bill includes a communication node including an address book. A determination is made as to whether a phone number called by the user...
Systems and methods for transmitting and receiving text data via a
A method of transmitting and receiving text data via a communication device is provided. In one embodiment, an incoming message is received at a communication...
Magnetic memory and method of bi-directional write current programming
A magnetic memory (400) is programmed by selectively conducting current in opposite directions in both word and bit lines to reduce electromigration effects in...
Time integrating pixel sensor
A time-integrating pixel sensor having a photo-detector, a capacitor, a comparator and a pixel data buffer. In operation, the photo-current from the...
Method and system for a programmable code generator
The invention provides a method for generating a code sequence. A code-generation instruction is received from memory. One or more control signals are determined...
Variable length decoder
A variable length decoder (200) detects the class of a codeword in a bit stream (332). If the codeword is first class, a first set of encoding rules are used to...
High efficiency amplifier
A distributed amplifier arrangement (300) is provided in which a plurality of input signals (S.sub.1 (t), . . . S.sub.N (t)) are separately controlled by a drive...
Power regulation and thermal management circuit
This invention provides a means of protecting power dissipating pass elements from exceeding their predetermined thermal limits. In one preferred embodiment, the...
Optical sensor package
An image sensor device includes a QFN type leadframe having a central die attach flag and an outer bonding pad area having a plurality of bonding pads. A sensor...
Semiconductor device and method for protecting such device from a reversed
An LDMOS field effect transistor (80) provides protection against the inadvertent reversal of polarity of voltage applied across the device. To protect an...
Method for real-time monitoring and controlling perovskite oxide film
growth and semiconductor structure formed...
High quality epitaxial layers of monocrystalline oxide materials (24) are grown overlying monocrystalline substrates such as large silicon wafers (22) using...
Adapter for a communication device
Housing for a communication device
Method and apparatus for evaluating documents with correlating information
A method for producing correlating information with respect to a target document, the method including providing a target document, the target document including...
System that provides replenishment service for power sources used by mobile
A system (10) alerts mobile devices (12) that are powered by replenishable power sources (14). A communications link is established between a replenishment...
Double balanced mixer circuit
A double balanced mixer circuit 10 receives an input signal (RF.sub.IN) at first input terminals (14), supplying that signal to the primary side of a transformer...